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Thorax, Abdomen, and Pelvis > Abdominal Wall > Flashcards

Flashcards in Abdominal Wall Deck (19)
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Where is the subcostal plane?

passes through the inferior border of the 10th costal cartilage on each side

1

Where is the transtubercular plane?

passes through the iliac tubercles and the body of the L5 vertebra

2

Where are the midclavicular planes?

passes from the midpoints of the clavicles to the midinguinal points

3

What are midinguinal points?

the midpoints of lines joining the ASIS and the superior edge of the pubic symphasis

4

Where is the transumbilical plane?

passes through the umbilicus and IV disc between the L3 and L4 vertebrae

5

What are the boundaries of the anterolateral abdominal wall?

superiorly, cartilages of 7th-10th ribs and xiphoid process
inferiorly, inguinal ligament and pelvic bones

6

What is the superficial muscle of the abdomen?

external oblique

7

What is the intermediate muscle of the abdomen?

internal oblique

8

What muscle is the deep layer of the abdomen?

transversus abdominus

9

What forms the linea alba?

niterweaving aponeuroses

10

Where is the linea alba?

extends from the xiphoid process to the pubic symphasis

11

Where are tendinous intersections typically found?

level of xiphoid process, the umbilicus, and a level halfway between these points

12

Where is the median umbilical fold?

extends from the apex of the urinary bladder to the umblicus; covers the median umbilical ligament

13

What is the median umbilical ligament?

the remnant of the urachus that joined the apex of the fetal bladder to the umbilicus

14

Where are the medial umbilical folds?

lateral to the median umbilical fold; covers the medial umbilical ligaments

15

Where are the lateral umbilical folds?

lateral to the medial umbilical folds; covers the inferior epigastric vessels

16

From where does the inferior epigastric artery arise?

external iliac artery

17

From where does the musculophrenic artery arise?

internal thoracic artery

18

From where does the superior epigastric artery arise?

internal thoracic artery