Africa 1857-90 Flashcards Preview

British Empire > Africa 1857-90 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Africa 1857-90 Deck (27):
1

Colonies there pre 1880

None in north or east
Some in west (sierra Leone Lagos Gambia)
2 formal colonies in south : natal and cape colony
Britain had control over foreign relations of two Boer republics, the Transvaal and orange free state

2

BUT what did Britain start think about west colonies pre companies

I'm 1865 a parliamentary select committee even recommended withdrawal from weste African settlements on grounds of cost

3

1880 plans of Brit gov African expansion

No plans

4

1880-1885 which government

Liberal
Gladstone

5

I'm 1881 how many ships British

1881
2256/2727

6

WHAT month and year did Britain declare occupancy

July 1882

7

WHAT did Palmerston say in 1850

WE do not wan Egypt
WE want it to be attached to the Turkish empire

8

Did Britain consult France

No

9

Sir George

Taubman Goldie

10

WHAT was Goldie company called

United African company

11

When was the united African company formers

1879

12

ONE purpose of Goldie united African company

TO raise profits for Europeans traders by Eli sting competition raising palm oil prices in Niger

13

Proof government weren't involved with Goldie'd company at first

He rlly struggled to get a charter

14

BUT what was strategic of British they

Gave it to him in 86 after Berlin conference jay threatened Britain losing niger altogether to french or to an international commission

15

Aside from french and threat of international commission what other risk slash enemy was ther e

GERMNAY

KARL PETERS FORMED THF GERMAN EAST AFRICA COMPANY

16

BUT then again why could it be argued that Goldie being granted his charter wasn't strategic

Britain was under a liberal government who feared being accused of extravagance if they annexed the Niger basin and if they did not, pusillanimity

Granting charter means they avoided both scenarios

17

Additionally British government in niger wasn't that strategic of British itself but the ??? Who prevented. ?

BRITISH TRADERS

British government wanted more control and authority over Niger delta but the British traders already established there made it impossible 4 them

18

BUT whose company were the British strategic about

Mackinnon

19

Mackinnons ONE called

East African Association

20

Which PM disapproved of mackinnons getting charter

Salisbury

21

WHAT happened when gov have mackinnon his charter

They made him go to Uganda to capture it n he did but it bankrupted company

22

When East Africa Association bankrupted what did they expect to happen and what shady thing did gov do

They expected a subsidy but instead the government took the company out of their hands

23

Altho Britain in Uganda was strategic and manipulated mackinnons company what cld u also say

It was only because of uncontrollable factors that this expansion occurred: King Mwanga revolted and killed 30 Catholics and protestants in 1886 provoking civil war and king fleeting, king then promised to be loyal to British and gave his land to British E A C in order to be restored which he was in 1889 but Britain had power of revenue collection justice and trade 2 company: such powers were later transferred to the crown in 1894 and buganda became a protectorate

24

What happened in Uganda

30 Catholics and protestants killed by King Mwanga in revolt, he fled, for British to restore him to power in return for land and loyalty. My 1890 he signed treaty with lugard giving powe of revenue collection justice and trade to EAFC, these powers transferred to crown in 1894 and buganda became a protectorate

25

Kin of Uganda

King Mwanga

26

Date of Egyptian Nationalist movement under

Arabi Pasha
11 June 1882

27

What triggered Goldie being given charter

Berlin conference 1884-5
Charter 1886
Niger would either be lost to french or an international commission