Flashcards in Alcohols Deck (16)
What do alcohols functional groups contain??
General formula of an alcohol?
As the number of carbon atoms in the alcohol increase the boiling point ????
As the number of carbon atoms in the alcohol increases the solubility????
Carboxylate acids end in
Carboxylic acids contain which functional group??
General formula of a carboxylic acid
Uses of carboxylic acids
Feedstocks for dyes and paints
Manufacture of nylon and polyester
Esters are formed by
Condensation reaction between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid
What happens in a condensation reaction?
The alcohol and carboxylic acid molecules join together by the reaction of their functional groups to make water
How is an ester link formed
By the reaction of the hydroxyl group with a carboxyl group
Compare straight chain alkane to straight chain alcohol with the same number of carbon atoms
Alcohol has a higher boiling point than alkanes
Compare alcohol isomers with -OH on carbon 1 and -OH on Carbon 2
Alcohol with -OH group on the 1st carbon has a higher boiling point
Are alcohols soluble in water?
As the number of carbon atoms in alcohol increases, the solubility if the alcohol in water decreases
Uses for alcohols
Car de icers and thermometers
Feedstock eg vinegar