ANATOMY - Leg and Knee Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANATOMY - Leg and Knee Deck (36)
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1

name the 4 muscles in the anterior compartment of the the leg

tibialis anterior
extensor digitorum longus
extensor hallucis longus
fibularis tertius

2

what is the role of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg?

dorsiflexion of the ankle
extensors of the toes

3

nerve supply of the anterior muscles of the leg

fibular nerve (L4,L5)

4

2 muscles of the lateral compartment of the leg

fibularis longus
fibularis brevis

5

what is the role of the muscles in the lateral compartment of the leg?

evert foot
weakly plantarflex ankle

6

2 groups in the posterior compartment of the leg

superficial and deep

7

3 muscles in the superficial group of the posterior compartment of the leg

gastrocnemius
soleus
plantaris

8

which posterior leg muscle fo 5-10% of us not have

plantaris

9

nerve supply of the lateral compartment of the leg

superficial fibular nerve (L5,S1,S2)

10

role of the superficial group of posterior leg muscles

plantar flexors of ankle

11

nerve supply of superficial group of posterior leg muscles

tibial nerve

12

4 muscles of deep group of posterior compartment of leg

popliteus
flexor hallucis longus
flexor digitorum longus
tibialis posterior

13

nerve supply of deep group of posterior leg muscles

tibial nerve

14

role of deep group of posterior leg muscles

flexors of toes and plantarflexors of ankle

15

what type of joint is the knee and what movement does this allow?

synovial hinge joint

flexion-extension

16

3 articulations of the knee joint

2 x femerotibial

1 x femeropatellar

17

what 3 sets of ligaments does the knee have?

extra capsular

intraarticular

menisci

18

what are the extra capsular ligaments?

lateral and medial collateral ligaments

19

what are the intra-articular ligaments?

anterior and posterior cruciate

20

what are the two menisci and what are they made of ?

medial and lateral

fibrocartilage

21

how do you test joint integrity?

anterior and posterior drawer signs

22

superolateral border of the popliteal fossa

biceps femoris

23

superomedial border of the popliteal fossa

semimembranous

24

inferior border of the popliteal fossa

gastrocnemius

25

roof of the popliteal fossa

popliteal fascia

26

contents of the popliteal fossa

fat
terminal small saphenous vein
popliteal vessels
tibial and common fibular nerves

27

calcaneal tendon aka

achilles tendon

28

which two muscles attach to the calcaneal tendon

gastrocnemius
soleus

29

what is the attachment of the calcaneal tendon

calcaneal tuberosity of the calcaneus

30

what reflex involves the calcaneal tendon

ankle jerk reflex