Flashcards in ANATOMY - Leg and Knee Deck (36)
name the 4 muscles in the anterior compartment of the the leg
extensor digitorum longus
extensor hallucis longus
what is the role of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg?
dorsiflexion of the ankle
extensors of the toes
nerve supply of the anterior muscles of the leg
fibular nerve (L4,L5)
2 muscles of the lateral compartment of the leg
what is the role of the muscles in the lateral compartment of the leg?
weakly plantarflex ankle
2 groups in the posterior compartment of the leg
superficial and deep
3 muscles in the superficial group of the posterior compartment of the leg
which posterior leg muscle fo 5-10% of us not have
nerve supply of the lateral compartment of the leg
superficial fibular nerve (L5,S1,S2)
role of the superficial group of posterior leg muscles
plantar flexors of ankle
nerve supply of superficial group of posterior leg muscles
4 muscles of deep group of posterior compartment of leg
flexor hallucis longus
flexor digitorum longus
nerve supply of deep group of posterior leg muscles
role of deep group of posterior leg muscles
flexors of toes and plantarflexors of ankle
what type of joint is the knee and what movement does this allow?
synovial hinge joint
3 articulations of the knee joint
2 x femerotibial
1 x femeropatellar
what 3 sets of ligaments does the knee have?
what are the extra capsular ligaments?
lateral and medial collateral ligaments
what are the intra-articular ligaments?
anterior and posterior cruciate
what are the two menisci and what are they made of ?
medial and lateral
how do you test joint integrity?
anterior and posterior drawer signs
superolateral border of the popliteal fossa
superomedial border of the popliteal fossa
inferior border of the popliteal fossa
roof of the popliteal fossa
contents of the popliteal fossa
terminal small saphenous vein
tibial and common fibular nerves
calcaneal tendon aka
which two muscles attach to the calcaneal tendon
what is the attachment of the calcaneal tendon
calcaneal tuberosity of the calcaneus