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SUM '20 Final Exams Prep > APP II Exams > Flashcards

Flashcards in APP II Exams Deck (191)
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1

EMG to the lateral rectus monitors what nerves?

Abducens

2

insert brain pic The area with the blue color is supplied by? The area with the green color is supplied by?

blue: Anterior cerebral artery Green: Posterior cerebral artery

3

Calculate CPP: BP = 100/70, HR = 65, RAP = 10, ICP = 15? SHORT ANSWER

CPP = MAP - ICP; CPP = 80 - 15; CPP = 65

4

SSEP assesses the integrity of ________ spinal cord.

Posterior

5

How is cerebral blood flow autoregulated?

SHORT ANSWER

6

Name structures pierced during lumbar puncture.

SHORT ANSWER Skin, subcutaneous tissue, supraspinous ligament, interspinous ligament, ligamentum flavum, epidural space, dura mater, subdural space*, arachnoid mater, subarachnoid space

7

Patient with increased ICP that suddenly rises to 30 mmHg will exhibit? SELECT 3

Irregular respirations, bradycardia, Hypertension

8

Which potential is MOST RESISTANT to anesthesia?

BAEP- Auditory

9

insert image of epideral verterbra Which number represents the subarachnoid space?

#10

10

Describe Horner's Syndrome?

SHORT ANSWER

11

Which nerve can be blocked to decrease pain from tourniquet inflation during IV regional anesthesia?

Intercostalbrachial nerve

12

Aqueduct of Sylvius supplies?

Third and fourth ventricle

13

insert vertebra picture Which number represent the lamina?

#8

14

insert paco2/po2 image graph What does "X" represent:

x = PaCO2

15

Insert image of hand/nerves innervation what nerve is represented by blue?

blue = ulnar

16

Which evoked potential is measured during pituitary surgery

Visual evoked potential

17

Describe falx cerebri

Short answer

18

Differentiate between cerebral steal and inverse steal.

short answer

19

Differentiate between supraspinal and spinal anesthesia.

short answer

20

Brain controls the activity of interneuron in substantia gelatinosa?

Periventricular and periaqueductal gray matter

21

Gray Ramus contain_____fibers?

Postganglionic sympathetic

22

Patient has eyelid drooping, pupil fixed and dilated, not reactive to light. What nerve is damaged?

Oculomotor

23

Which would decrease cerebral blood flow?

Fentanyl-Droperidol

24

A 55-year-old is undergoing an intracranial tumor resection under GA. Preoperatively, the patient is alert & oriented and has no focal neurological deficit. Within what range should the PaCO2be maintained during surgery?

25-30 SHORT ANSWER

25

Which bone supports the pituitary gland / location of sella turcica:

Sphenoid bone

26

insert graph diagram Which agent describes ketamine? Which agent would be best to use in head trauma?

1. ketamine = 5 2. head trauma= 1

27

Masseter muscle and temporalis muscle responses are monitored using which nerve?

Trigeminal CN (V)

28

insert electrode diagram Electrode position diagram – where would you place the electrode for tibial stimulation?

a. Z

29

In the case of venous air embolism, aspiration with a SINGLE-orificed catheter is done by placing the tip ________ the SVC-atrial junction.

3 cm ABOVE

30

In the case of venous air embolism, aspiration with a MULTI-orificed catheter is done by placing the tip ________ the SVC-atrial junction.

2 cm below