EMG to the lateral rectus monitors what nerves?
insert brain pic The area with the blue color is supplied by? The area with the green color is supplied by?
blue: Anterior cerebral artery Green: Posterior cerebral artery
Calculate CPP: BP = 100/70, HR = 65, RAP = 10, ICP = 15? SHORT ANSWER
CPP = MAP - ICP; CPP = 80 - 15; CPP = 65
SSEP assesses the integrity of ________ spinal cord.
How is cerebral blood flow autoregulated?
Name structures pierced during lumbar puncture.
SHORT ANSWER Skin, subcutaneous tissue, supraspinous ligament, interspinous ligament, ligamentum flavum, epidural space, dura mater, subdural space*, arachnoid mater, subarachnoid space
Patient with increased ICP that suddenly rises to 30 mmHg will exhibit? SELECT 3
Irregular respirations, bradycardia, Hypertension
Which potential is MOST RESISTANT to anesthesia?
insert image of epideral verterbra Which number represents the subarachnoid space?
Describe Horner's Syndrome?
Which nerve can be blocked to decrease pain from tourniquet inflation during IV regional anesthesia?
Aqueduct of Sylvius supplies?
Third and fourth ventricle
insert vertebra picture Which number represent the lamina?
insert paco2/po2 image graph What does "X" represent:
x = PaCO2
Insert image of hand/nerves innervation what nerve is represented by blue?
blue = ulnar
Which evoked potential is measured during pituitary surgery
Visual evoked potential
Describe falx cerebri
Differentiate between cerebral steal and inverse steal.
Differentiate between supraspinal and spinal anesthesia.
Brain controls the activity of interneuron in substantia gelatinosa?
Periventricular and periaqueductal gray matter
Gray Ramus contain_____fibers?
Patient has eyelid drooping, pupil fixed and dilated, not reactive to light. What nerve is damaged?
Which would decrease cerebral blood flow?
A 55-year-old is undergoing an intracranial tumor resection under GA. Preoperatively, the patient is alert & oriented and has no focal neurological deficit. Within what range should the PaCO2be maintained during surgery?
25-30 SHORT ANSWER
Which bone supports the pituitary gland / location of sella turcica:
insert graph diagram Which agent describes ketamine? Which agent would be best to use in head trauma?
1. ketamine = 5 2. head trauma= 1
Masseter muscle and temporalis muscle responses are monitored using which nerve?
Trigeminal CN (V)
insert electrode diagram Electrode position diagram – where would you place the electrode for tibial stimulation?
In the case of venous air embolism, aspiration with a SINGLE-orificed catheter is done by placing the tip ________ the SVC-atrial junction.
3 cm ABOVE
In the case of venous air embolism, aspiration with a MULTI-orificed catheter is done by placing the tip ________ the SVC-atrial junction.
2 cm below