Pharmacology II Exams Flashcards Preview

SUM '20 Final Exams Prep > Pharmacology II Exams > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharmacology II Exams Deck (271)
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1

Phenobarbital may not protect against ________seizure

Nonconvulsive primary generalized seizures

2

cerebellum controlls?

balance

3

Drugs that the metabolism of theophylline is inhibited by (choose 2):

Erythromycin
Cimetidine

4

Most potent H2 - receptor antagonists:

Femotidine

5

Theophylline partially blocks effects of NMBD by?

inhibition of phosphodiesterase

6

Gabapentin is eliminated by?

renal

7

adding Ketamine and theophylline together does what?

decreases seizure threshold

8

strongest predictor of PONV?

gender

9

MOA for benzos with PONV?

Decreasing synthesis and release of dopamine

10

Metoclopramide blocks _____ on receptor sites at CRTZ

dopamine

11

Clobazam is unique due to?

No sedation with long term use

12

According to ERAS, which patient would need a decrease in the dose of gabapentin from 600 mg to 300 mg?

30 year old female with OSA

13

Which of the following is true?

Levodopa replenishes dopamine stores in

the basal ganglia

14

The objective in treating Parkinson's disease is to? (choose 2)

Decrease debilitating symptoms
Palliative Nature

15

80% of the dopamine in the brain is in the? (choose 2)

Caudate nucleus
Putamen

16

Gabapentin is given for?

partial and generalized seizures

17

All of the following are part of the afferent pathway involved in vomiting stimulation except?

Histaminergic pathway

works through
chemoreceptor trigger zone, cerebral cortex labyrinthovestibular center neurovegetative system

18

Which of the following medications is most effective in lowering triglycerides?

Fenofibrate (fibrates)

19

Mainstay treatment for hyperlipidemia?

Statins (lovastatin)

20

B2 effects with epinephrine? (choose 2)

• In presence of betablocker, bronchoconstriction due to alpha bronchial constriction
• Reduces vasoactive mediators for asthma

21

Antidepressant increase suicidal ideation in which two patient populations? (choose 2)

Adolescents
Children

22

Beta blocker with vasodilating effect?

Nobivolol (bystolic)

23

Levodopa question with newly started levodopa asking about symptoms?

Have you had a low blood pressure?

24

A drug that has effect of syncope w/ first dose, anticholinergic effects, and priapism?

prazosin (minipress)

25

Which drug is least protein bound?

gabapentin

26

What is seen with malnutrition or renal or hepatic disease, can result in increased plasma concentrations of unbound anti-epileptic drugs, resulting in toxicity?

Hypoalbuminemia

27

In pregnancy, hypoalbuminemia is due to ___ which offsets effect.

Progressive increase in central volume

28

Initial treatments for levodopa hypotension? (choose 2)

Compression stockings
Fluids

29

Patient with CAD, DM and CVA, getting a surgery done, what would the prudent SRNA assure?

Assure they are on a beta blocker

30

Only agent requiring routine monitoring?

Phenytoin