Diarthrosis Contemporary classification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Diarthrosis Contemporary classification Deck (15):
1

What is a simple synovial joint?

only one pair of articulating surfaces is observed

2

what is a compound synovial joint?

more than two articulating surfaces are presetn in the same synovial joint

3

What is a complex synovial joint ?

within the simple join or the compound joint, the articulating surfaces are separated by an articular disc or meniscus

4

what morphological classification of synovial joints is classified as nonaxial?

plane

5

what morphological classifications of synovial joints would be classified as uniaxial?

hinge and pivot

6

what morphological classifications of synovial joints would be classified as biaxial?

bicondylar, condylar, ellipsoidal and saddle

7

what morphological classification of synovial joints would be classified as multiaxial?

ball and socket, diarthrosis spheroidal, diarthrosis cotyloid are all classifications given to the same joint

8

what are examples of synovial plane joints?

most zygapophyses of the vertebral column

Intercarpal, carpometacarpal and intermetacarpal joints of the hand

intercuneiform, tarsometatarsal and intermetatarsal joints of the foot

9

what are examples of synovial hinge joints?

humero ulnar joint of the elbow and interphalangeal joints of the fingers and toes

10

what are the examples of synovial pivot joints?

median atlanto axial joint and proximal radio ulnar joint

11

What are examples of diarthrosis condylar or diarthrosis bicondylar joints?

temporomandibular joint and femur tibia joint of the knee

12

what are examples of diarhtrosis ellipsoidal joints?

radiocarpal joint of the wrist, metacarpo phalangeal joints of the hand, metatarsal phalangeal joints of the foot and the atlanto occipital joint of the vertebral column

13

which synovial joint classifications are now often interchanged in textbooks?

ellipsoidal and condylar synovial joints

14

What are examples of synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar) joints?

carpometacarpal joint of the thumb, talocrural joint of the ankle and the calcaneocuboid joint of the foot

15

What are examples of diarthrosis enarthrosis joints?

femur acetabulum of the innominate articulation at the hip and the humerus-glenoid cavity of the scapula articulation at the shoulder