Flashcards in Explanations for Obedience Deck (15):
Define the difference between conformity and obedience
Obedience occurs when an individual is told to do something and involves a hierarchy of power or status
whereas conformity is often due to the influence of the majority and peers through social pressure.
Name thel explanations for obedience
The Authoritarian personality
Define the Agentic State
The agent state is when an individual perceives themselves as an agent caring out actions for someone else therefore separates themselves from the responsibility and the consequences for their actions.
Define the Autonomous state
The Autonomous state is when an individual perceives themselves as responsible for the consequences of their actions.
What is the name of the movement from the autonomous state to the agentIc state?
What traits does someone with an Authoritarian personality have?
- Blind Allegiance to conventional beliefs about right and wrong
- Respect and obedience to those in authority
- Belief in aggression towards group which differ to them
- Tendency to project feelings of personal insecurity and inadequacy on 'weaker’ groups
What are the key studies associated with the authoritarian personality?
Adorno (1950) and Elms + Milgram (1966)
What was the name of the questionnaire Adorno made?
What does the F stand for ?
Who was his sample ?
2,000 white Americans
What was Adorno’s Aim?
To determine if prejudice is the result of an individual’s personality type
What did Adorno believe some of an Authoritarian personality traits were?
- more prejudice
- Strict upbringing/ Harsh parents
- Belief that they’re superior
- More obedient.
What did Scores in the questionnaire elude to ?
Hostility towards people of Lower status and obedient to higher status
Rigid beliefs and traditional views.
How did Elms and Milgram follow up his previous study
by getting 40 participants from his last sample
20 defiant and 20 obedient