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Irene Gold - Pathology > GI disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in GI disorders Deck (24)
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1

Spasm of lower esophageal sphincter. Causes megaesophagus of upper esophagus. Lack of motility. (due to absence of myenteric plexus)

Achalasia

2

Metaplasia of esophageal cells into stomach cells, caused by GERD.

Barrett's esophagus

3

Occlusion of hepatic veins: Triad of abdominal pain, ascites and hepatomegaly. Acute = rapid severe upper abdominal pain, jaundice, hepatomegaly,
increased liver enzymes, & eventual encephalopathy.


Budd-Chiari

4

Intolerance to gluten. Loss of villi, therefore loss of absorption. Stay on gluten-free diet. (Gluten enteropathy)

Celiac disease,
aka "non-tropical sprue"

5

Inflammation of gallbladder.
#1 cause of gallstones.

Cholocystitis

6

Gallstones

Cholelithiasis

7

Seen in young people. Affects distal small intestine (ileum), cecum and ascending colon. (right sided problem). Skip lesions or 'cobblestone' appearance. NO BLOODY DIARRHEA . Autoimmune. Aka 's "regional ileitis", "distal ileitis", "regional enteritis". leads to dehydration b/c most water reabsorbed in small intestine.

crohns

8


Outpouching in the intestine. Usually lower left quadrant (sigmoid & descending)


Diverticula

9

Difficulty swallowing

Dysphagia

10

Most common cause of death of children world wide d/t dehydration from diarrhea.

Enteritis

11

Most common cause of frank red blood in the stool

Hemorrhoids

12

congenital megacolon. absence of myenteric plexus = parasympathetic motor plexus

hirschprung's

13

Telescoping of intestine onto itself, can be caused by rotovirus vaccine

Intussusception

14

Spastic colon, distention, pain, diarrhea, stress related

Irritable bowel

15

Hematemesis ( vomiting of blood) d/t alcoholism. Lacerations of esophagus and proximal stomach.

Mallory-Weiss syndrome

16

Outpouching of distal ileum.

Meckel's diverticulum

17

Polyposis characterized by polyps in the entire GI tract

Peutz Jegher's

18

Iron deficiency anemia, cheilosis, esophageal webbing and glossitis

Plummer Vinson syndrome

19


infant projectile vomiting
in a newborn

pyloric stenosis

20

anatomically shortened esophagus

sliding hiatal hernia

21

steatosis = fat in stool, problem with GB

steatosis

22

Aka. Toxic megacolon. Pathological intestinal changes, ulcers, bloody diarrhea, affects left side of abdomen (descending colon, sigmoid colon). "lead pipe rigidity". Starts at the colon and moves distally

Ulcerative colitis

23

Twisting of an organ around its long axis

volvulus

24

outpouching of the esophagus

zenker's diverticulum