Flashcards in GI disorders Deck (24)
Spasm of lower esophageal sphincter. Causes megaesophagus of upper esophagus. Lack of motility. (due to absence of myenteric plexus)
Metaplasia of esophageal cells into stomach cells, caused by GERD.
Occlusion of hepatic veins: Triad of abdominal pain, ascites and hepatomegaly. Acute = rapid severe upper abdominal pain, jaundice, hepatomegaly,
increased liver enzymes, & eventual encephalopathy.
Intolerance to gluten. Loss of villi, therefore loss of absorption. Stay on gluten-free diet. (Gluten enteropathy)
aka "non-tropical sprue"
Inflammation of gallbladder.
#1 cause of gallstones.
Seen in young people. Affects distal small intestine (ileum), cecum and ascending colon. (right sided problem). Skip lesions or 'cobblestone' appearance. NO BLOODY DIARRHEA . Autoimmune. Aka 's "regional ileitis", "distal ileitis", "regional enteritis". leads to dehydration b/c most water reabsorbed in small intestine.
Outpouching in the intestine. Usually lower left quadrant (sigmoid & descending)
Most common cause of death of children world wide d/t dehydration from diarrhea.
Most common cause of frank red blood in the stool
congenital megacolon. absence of myenteric plexus = parasympathetic motor plexus
Telescoping of intestine onto itself, can be caused by rotovirus vaccine
Spastic colon, distention, pain, diarrhea, stress related
Hematemesis ( vomiting of blood) d/t alcoholism. Lacerations of esophagus and proximal stomach.
Outpouching of distal ileum.
Polyposis characterized by polyps in the entire GI tract
Iron deficiency anemia, cheilosis, esophageal webbing and glossitis
Plummer Vinson syndrome
infant projectile vomiting
in a newborn
anatomically shortened esophagus
sliding hiatal hernia
steatosis = fat in stool, problem with GB
Aka. Toxic megacolon. Pathological intestinal changes, ulcers, bloody diarrhea, affects left side of abdomen (descending colon, sigmoid colon). "lead pipe rigidity". Starts at the colon and moves distally
Twisting of an organ around its long axis