Tumors, Cancers, Cysts Flashcards Preview

Irene Gold - Pathology > Tumors, Cancers, Cysts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tumors, Cancers, Cysts Deck (39)
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1

Tumor of glandular tissue

Adenoma

2

. "ABC. Benign bone tumor. metaphyseal/diaphyseal. Eccentric. "Blister ofBone", <20

aneurismal bone cyst

3

Encapsulated. Short zone of transition. Asymptomatic (usually)

Benign tumors

4

Tumor-shaped radiolucencv d/t loss of bone density from hyoerparathyroidism. (PTH)

Brown's Tumor

5

Starry sky appearance. Jaw mass. Central African child. Epstein Barr virus.

Burkett's lymphoma

6

wasting away

cachexia

7

Cancer of the epithelial tissue, usually spread by lymph system.

Carcinoma

8

Cancer that has not in, aded basement membrane.

Carcinoma in situ

9

HPV 16 virus implicated

Cervical cancer

10

Benign bone tumor. <20. Epiphyseal/metaphyseal

Chondroblastorna

11

Benign tumor of cartilage

Chondroma

12

Cancer that is most commonly seen in sacrum. Crosses joints.

Chordoma

13

Most commonly found in US.

Colorectal cancer

14

Absence of one or both testicles in scrotum(failure of descent of the testes). Can cause testicular cancer.

Cryptorchidism

15

Benign hand tumor. Stippled calcification. 2+ enchondroma = multiple enchondromatosis
enchondromatosis + soft tissue swelling + bone deformity = maffucci syndrome

enchondroma (ollier's dz)

16

Multi-laminated (onion skin appearance) periosteal reaction. Cortical saucerization. Children I0-25. Moth-eaten appearance in medulla • mimics Osteomyelitis.

Ewing's sarcoma

17

M/c breast tumor. Associated with estrogens.

Fibroadenoma of breast

18

Myxomatous tissue. Spindled and polyhedral cells.

fibroma

19

Benign tumor, ground glass appearance. Cafe au lait "Coast ofMaine" appearance. w/early puberty= "Albright's disease". Monostotic form = "rind sign" "rind of
sclerosis"

Fibrous dysplasia

20

Tumor of osteoclasts. Osteoclastoma. Mic in knee. Quasi-malignant. Age 20-40, epiphyseal/metaphyseal

Giant cell tumor

21


Benign tumor of blood vessels, most commonly found in spine

Hemangioma

22

most common primary liver cancer. aka hepatoma

hepatocellular liver cancer

23

hans schuller christian dz
histolytic granuloma
eospinophilic granuloma
lipid accumulales -> vertebra plana

histiocytosis X

24

Pel-Epstein fever, Reed Sternberg cells, hepatosplenomegaly, enlarged lymph nodes (increased IgE)

hodgkin lymphoma

25

Cancer of stomach that metastasizes to ovaries, signet ring cell tumor

krukenberg's

26

tumor of smooth muscle, fibroids in the uterus

leiomyoma

27

white patch on oral mucosa from tobacco cannot be whiped off

leukoplakia

28

fatty tumor

lipoma

29

m/c with non-smokers. Best prognosis

Adenocarcinoma

30

worst prognosis

oat cell and small cell