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Flashcards in last min tings <3 Deck (67)
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1

what is smooth muscle coupled by

gap junctions

2

what is the indirect pathway of gastic secretion

ach and gastrin stimulating ECL - resulting in histamine which acts on the partietal cell

3

give exmalpes of PGE antagonists

NSAIDS

4

what do you give alongside NSAIDS

misoprostol - a PGE1 analougue

5

examples of mucosal strenghtneres

sucralfate and bismuth chealate

6

what suppresses peristalsis

CCK and gastrin

7

what is the oder of carbs

polysarrharides
ogliosaccharides
monosaccharides

8

what must all dietry carbs be converted to

monosahharides for absoption

9

what does B12 bind to before binding to intrinsic faactor

hapatocorin

10

what controls the defeacation reflec

pudenal nerves

11

what is an exampled of a simulant purgitave

bisacodyl

12

what is an example of a faecal softener

docusate sodium

13

how are fatty acids oxidised

through b oxidation

14

what do a4-b7 and madcam-1 do

allow lymphoctes to move into the assocaited tissue and into the gut

15

treatment of allergic oesophagitis

steroids, chromoglycate and montelukast

16

what are squamous papilloma associated with

HPV

17

what is the first type of gastric adenocarcinoma

interstitial
form polypoid mass/ exophytic
tumuors have rolled up edges
h pylori assocaited

18

what is the second type of gastric adenocarcinoma

expands / infiltrates the stomach wall
signet ring on histology

19

gastic lymphom

b cell

20

how to treat diverticular disease

uncomplicated - antibiotcs
complicacated - drainage, hartmanns procedure

21

which patients is hairy leukoplkia seen in

HIV patients and EBV patients

22

what do you do when there are ALARM symtpoms in dyspepsia

test for h pylori

23

what is tropical sprue

colonisation of intestine by infectous agent in the carribrenas - cause is unknown

24

whipples disease

caused by tropheryma whipplei
required antibiotics
middle agend man

25

how to treat a carcinoid of the appendix

<1cm - addpendectomy
>2cm - complete right hemi colon

26

treatment of small bowel obstructuvion

nasogastric tube to decompress the stomach

27

what are kuppfer cells

macrophages which remove bacterial matter and dead RBC which produced bilirubin

28

what are stellate celles

store via A and are within the space of disse, may deposit collagen, beginning liver cirrhosis

29

treatment of gallstones

laparoscopic cholecystectomy
ursodeoxyxholic acid
morphine buprenophrine
atropine or GN

30

what does CPY450 do

makes the drug have an OH group