Multiple Choice Practice Flashcards Preview

SAT Writing Copies > Multiple Choice Practice > Flashcards

Flashcards in Multiple Choice Practice Deck (64)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the best process for handling sentence improvement with confidence?

  • Read the sentence, looking for the error to "pop out" at you?
  • If it does, predict an improvement, and search the answers for it.
  • If no error pops out, check form for run-ons, fragments, and faulty parallelisms.
  • Check context for misplaced modifiers, faulty conjunctions, and wordiness by checking context.
  • If you find a problem through checking, predict and search.
  • If not, select "(a)" (unchanged).

 

2

Read this sentence for the answer to "pop" out.

The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, it failed to meet the challenge of the aggression of the Axis nations.

 

This sentence has a run-on.

This sentence error is very straightforward and easy to spot, but with five improvements to run-on errors, the next step is more crucial.

3

What would you predict would be the best way to improve this run-on sentence?

The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, it failed to meet the challenge of the aggression of the Axis nations.
 

For this sentence, predict a conjunction solution using "but" at the comma.

Since the underline doesn't cover the entire sentence, integrated clauses are not possible.
"Although" could begin the sentence.
The semi-colon is expected as a distractor, since the second clause is not a logical extention of the first.

4

Search for the best predicted improvement, ("but"), for this sentence.

The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, it failed to meet the challenge of the aggression of the Axis nations.

(a) The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, it failed
(b) The League of Nations has 58 members by 1934; it failed
(c) The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, but it failed
(d) The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934; it has failed

(e) The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, but it had failed

(c) and (e) contain "but', which is the predicted improvement.

To break the tie, look for the item that changed something else in the sentence and check for "double error".

5

Check the sentence tense to decide which of these two improvements is correct?

The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, it failed to meet the challenge of the aggression of the Axis nations.

(c) The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, but it failed.
(e) The League of Nations had 58 members by 1934, but it had failed.

(c) is correct.

The past perfect "had failed" in (e) is not correct.

If you can't see it, review tenses.

6

Daniel Handler, known by his pseudonym, Lemony Snicket, collaborating with Nathaniel Stookey, to produce a work for orchestra and narrator.

(a) Lemony Snicket, collaborating with Nathaniel Stookey, to produce a work for orchestra and narrator.
(b) Lemony Snicket, collaborated with Nathaniel Stookey, producing a work for orchestra and narrator.
(c) Lemony Snicket; collaborating with Nathaniel Stookey, produced a work for orchestra and narrator.
(d) Lemony Snicket, collaborating with Nathaniel Stookey, produced a work for orchestra and narrator.
(e) Lemony Snicket; collaborating with Nathaniel Stookey, are producing a work for orchestra and narrator.

(d) corrects the fragment error.

(b) "producing" would need to change also.
(c) the semi-colon creates a fragment in the beginning of the sentence.
(e) this is also a semi-colon error.

7

Racing through the skies, the clouds obscured the two dueling bi-planes.

(a) Racing through the skies, the clouds obscured the two dueling bi-planes.
(b) Raced through the skies; the two dueling bi-planes were obscured by the clouds.
(c) Racing through the skies, the clouds obscured the dueled bi-planes.

(d) Racing through the skies, while the clouds obscured the two dueling bi-planes.
(e) Racing through the skies, the two dueling bi-planes were obscured by the clouds.

(e) corrects the misplaced modifier.

(b) the semi-colon creates a fragment.
(c) doesn't correct the problem. Introduces another error.
(d) creates a fragment. Adding "while" makes clause dependent.

8

What made him a good leader was that he knew that most situations do not call for rash words, but cool actions.

(a) that he knew that most situations do not call for rash words, but cool actions.
(b) that he knew that most situations do not call for rash words, but for cool actions.
(c) he knew that most situations call for cool actions.
(d) that he knew that most situations do call for not rash words, but cool actions.
(e) that he knew that most situations don't call for rash words, but cool actions.

(b) improves the faulty parallel form.

(c) this changes the meaning.
(d) doesn't fix the parallel.
(e) "do not" did not need changing.

 

9

Gandalf resolves to go into the Mines of Moria, Aragorn warns him not to lead them by that path.

(a) Gandalf resolves to go into the Mines of Moria, because Aragorn warns him not to lead them by that path.
(b) Gandalf resolves to go into the Mines of Moria, though Aragorn warns him not to lead the companions by that path.
(c) Gandalf resolves to go into the Mines of Moria, since Aragorn warns him not to lead them by that path.
(d) Gandalf resolves to go into the Mines of Moria, Aragorn warns him not to lead the company by that path.
(e) Consequently, Gandalf resolves to go into the Mines of Moria, Aragorn warns him not to lead them by that path.

(b) addresses both the run-on and the ambiguous pronoun.

(c) faulty coordination is created.
(d) still a run-on.
(e) still a run-on.  "Consequently" is an adverb, not a conjunction.

10

Rebecca couldn't put up with her husband ignoring her in the way that he habitually did.

(a) Rebecca couldn't put up with her husband ignoring her like he usually did.
(b) Rebecca couldn't put up with her husband's ignoring her like he habitually did.
(c) Rebecca couldn't have patience for husband ignoring her like he habitually did.
(d) Rebecca couldn't put up with her husband's ignoring her in the way that he usually did.
(e) Rebecca couldn't tolerate her husband's ignoring her like he habitually did.

(e) more concise and fixes case error.

(a) - (d) are not concise.

Remember when you verify wordiness as the error, check the shortest first.

11

Kim Il-sung remained in power in North Korea, while six South Korean presidents, ten U. S. presidents, but twenty-one Japaneses prime ministers came and went.

(a) while six South Korean presidents, ten U. S. presidents, but twenty-one Japaneses prime ministers came and went.
(b) while six South Korean presidents, ten U. S. presidents, and twenty-one Japaneses prime ministers came and went.
(c) while six South Korean presidents, ten U. S. presidents, and twenty-one Japaneses prime ministers have come and gone.
(d) while: six South Korean presidents, ten U. S. presidents, and twenty-one Japaneses prime ministers came and went.

(e) while six South Korean presidents, ten U. S. presidents, but twenty-one Japaneses prime ministers had come and gone.

(b) corrects the faulty conjunction here.

(c) "have come and gone" creates a tense error.
(d) Misuse of colon [:] -- punctuation error.
(e) "had come and gone" creates a different tense error.

12

In 1973, sending Sacheen Lightfeather in full Apache dress, Marlon Brando boycotted the Oscar ceremony to protest the depiction of Native Americans on film.

(a) to protest the depiction of Native Americans on film.
(b) protesting the way Native Americans were depicted.
(c) to protest Native American's depictions of film.
(d) protesting the depictions of Native American films.
(e) to protest the films in which Native Americans were depicted negatively.

(a) this sentence is best the way it is.

(b) "protesting" does not improve "to protest" and "on film" is necessary to meaning.
(c) changes meaning significantly.
(d) changes meaning significantly.
(e) is wordy.

13

The Oregon Trail was once thought to have been created by fur trappers and traders, now, archaeologists recognize that the trail was blazed long before by herd animals like bison.

(a) The Oregon Trail was once thought to have begun by fur trappers and traders, now,
(b) The Oregon Trail was once thought to have created by fur trappers and traders; now,

(c) The Oregon Trail was once thought to have been created by fur trappers and traders, currently,
(d) The Oregon Trail was once thought to have been created by fur trappers and traders; now,
(e) The Oregon Trail is once thought to had been created by fur trappers and traders, now,

(d) corrects the run-on with a semi-colon.

(b) "have created" introduces a form error.
(c) "currently" doesn't address the problem.

(e) "had been created" introduces a tense error.

14

Discovered with a red face hiding the stolen candy under his socks, Peyton's mother was alarmed at his licentiousness.

(a) socks, Peyton's mother was alarmed at his licentiousness.
(b) socks; Peyton's mother was alarmed at his licentiousness.

(c) socks; while Peyton's mother was alarmed at his licentiousness.
(d) socks, Peyton alarmed his mother at his licentiousness.
(e) socks, Peyton alarmed his mother with his licentiousness.

 (e) improves the misplaced modifier and corrects idiom error, "alarmed...by".

(b) Semi-colon creates fragment.
(c) Semi-colon is for two independent clauses.

(d) "alarmed...at" is an idiom error.  Should be "alarmed...with".

15

With all Gregory's commitments to his ensembles and theater companies; Linda worried about him getting his studies done.

(a) companies; Linda worried about him getting his studies done.
(b) companies, Linda worried about getting his studies done.

(c) companies, Linda worried about him getting his studies done.
(d) companies, Linda worried about his getting his studies done.
(e) companies; Linda worried about getting his studies done.

(d) improves the fragment, and fixes the pronoun case error.

(b) means Linda will do the homework.
(c) doesn't fix the pronoun.

(e) doesn't fix the fragment, and Linda is doing the work, again. 

16

Whenever he dropped back, the rookie quarterback either suffered a sack, or was throwing the ball up for grabs. 

(a) Whenever he dropped back, the rookie quarterback either suffered a sack,
(b) Whenever he dropped back, the rookie quarterback either was suffering a sack,

(c) Whenever he dropped back, the rookie quarterback either were suffering a sack,
(d) Whenever he dropped back; the rookie quarterback either suffered a sack,
(e) Whenever he dropped back; the rookie quarterback either was suffered to be  sacked,

(b) makes the phrases parallel by correcting the tense.

(c) creates subject verb agreement error.
(d) semi-colon creates a fragment.
(e) creates fragment.

17

Despite environmental safeguards, the operation of the chemical plant had a negative overall impact on five species of indigenous fish.

(a) Despite environmental safeguards, the operation of the chemical plant had a negative overall impact on
(b) Despite having environmental safeguards, the operation of the chemical plant had a negative overall impact on

(c) Despite having had environmental safeguards; the operation of the chemical plant had a negative overall impact on
(d) Despite environmental safeguards; the operation of the chemical plant had deleterious impact on
(e) Despite environmental safeguards, the operation of the chemical plant had a detrimental impact on

(e) "detrimental" makes the sentence more concise.

(b) creates modifier problem.
(c) introduces tense error and creates fragment.

(d) creates fragment.

18

Agnes wanted Hugo, performing on piano for the first time in front of a large audience, to turn pages for her.

(a) Agnes wanted Hugo, performing on piano for the first time in front of a large audience, to turn pages for her.
(b) Agnes wanted Hugo; to perform on piano for the first time in front of a large audience, to turn pages for her.

(c) Performing on piano for the first time before a large audience, Agnes wanted Hugo to turn pages for her.
(d) Performing on piano in front of a large audience, Anges wanted Hugo to turn pages for her.
(e) Performing on piano for the first time in front of a large audience, Agnes wanted Hugo to turn pages for her.

(c) improves misplaced modifier and wordiness.

(b) creates fragment.
(d) loses meaning from original.

(e) remains wordy.

 

19

The little flower girl was so upset, she spattered chocolate on her party dress.

(a) The little flower girl was so upset, she spattered chocolate on her party dress.
(b) The little flower girl was so upset that she spattered chocolate on her party dress.
(c) Since the little girl was so upset, she spattered chocolate on her party dress.
(d) The little flower girl was so upset, for she had spattered chocolate on her party dress.
(e) The little flower girl was so upset, and she spattered chocolate on her party dress.

(d) The little girl was so upset, for she had spattered chocolate on her special part dress.

It corrects the run-on and changes the tense to clarify the order of the event.

(b) creates an ambiguous connection to the clauses.
(c) changes the meaning of the orginal sentence
.
(e) creates faulty coordination.

(This is a super hard question.  (b) is a very inviting distractor.)

20

The Nazi war machine failed in Stalingrad not only because of the expected Russian winter, but also for the tactics being unexpected.

(a) not only because of the expected Russian winter, but also for the tactics being unexpected.
(b
) not only because of the expected Russian winter, but also for the unexpected Russian tactics.
(c) not only because of the expected Russian winter, but also  because of the unexpected tactics.
(d) not only because of the expected Russian winter, but because the tactics were unexpected.
(e) not only because of the expected Russian winter, but also the unexpected tactics were there.

(c) corrects faulty parallel.

(b) "for" keeps it a faulty parallel.
(d) keeps faulty parallel.  "Not only" needs to be answered by "but also" within the sentence.

(e) keeps faulty parallel and is wordy.

 

21

That Arnold could do something so inconsiderate and publically embarassing wasn't, of course, a great surprise to his wife.

(a) That Arnold could do something so inconsiderate and publically embarassing wasn't, of course,
(b) Arnold could do something so inconsiderate and publically embarassing that wasn't, of course,
(c) That Arnold did something so inconsiderate and publically embarassing wasn't, of course,
(d) Arnold should do something so inconsiderate and publically embarassing that wasn't, of course,
(e) That Arnold was about to something so inconsiderate and publically embarassing wasn't, of course, a great surprise to his wife.

(a) is fine how it is.

This is a fairly common construction on the SAT.  Starting with "That" stimulates your intuition, but if you match up the subjects and predicates, you'll see there's no sentence error.

22

Rembrandt Harmenrszoon van Rijn, one of the most celebrated painters of the Dutch Golden Age, known for his series of self-portraits.

(a) Rijn, one of the most celebrated painters of the Dutch Golden Age, known for his series of self-portraits.
(b) Rijn, is one of the most celebrated painters of the Dutch Golden Age, known for his series of self-portraits.
(c) Rijn is, one of the most celebrated painters of the Dutch Golden Age, known for his series of self-portraits.
(d) Rijn, one of the most celebrated painters of the Dutch Golden Age, is known for his series of self-portraits.
(e) Rijn, one of the most celebrated painters of the Dutch Golden Age, had been known for his series of self-portraits.

(d) corrects the fragment.

(b) creates a second fragment.
(c) creates a misplaced modifier.
(e) creates a tense error.

23

Traveling around the United States, Woody Guthrie's songs presented the concerns of working class people.

(a) Traveling around the United States, Woody Guthrie's songs presented the concerns of working class people.|
(b) Traveling around the United States, Woody Guthrie's songs presented concerns of working class people.
(c) Traveling around the United States, Woody Guthrie's songs had presented the concerns of working class people.
(d) Traveling around the United States, Woody Guthrie presented the concerns of working class people by his songs.
(e) Traveling around the United States, Woody Guthrie presented the concerns of working class people in his songs.

(e) improves misplaced modifier.

(b) leaves misplaced modifier.
(c) leaves misplaced modifier.
(d) creates idiom error.

24

Although Earl Scruggs created and popularized a virtuoso style of American music called bluegrass, he deserves his seat among the innovators of gospel, blues, and jazz.

(a) Although Earl Scruggs created and popularized a virtuoso style of American music called bluegrass,
(b) Although Earl Scruggs had created and popularized a virtuoso style of American music called bluegrass,
(c) Although Earl Scruggs has created and popularized a virtuoso style of American music called bluegrass;
(d) Because Earl Scruggs created and popularized a virtuoso style of American music called bluegrass;
(e) Because Earl Scruggs created and popularized a virtuoso style of American music called bluegrass;

(e) improves faulty subordination.

(b) creates tense error, while subordination is still faulty.
(c) creates a different tense error and makes a fragment while subordination is still faulty.
(d) creates fragment.

25

What is the best process for doing sentence correction items?

  • Read for "flags" or the error to "pop out" at you?
  • If it pops, identify the error by name.
  • If you see a flag, check for the error type associated with it.
  • If neither happens, check each underlined word.  Skip verbs.
  • Eliminate by identifying parts of speech and common errors that go with each.
  • Check verbs and pronouns carefully.
  • If you get to 2 choices and can't eliminate anymore, then guess.

26

What error pops out at you in this sentence?

(a) Getting their candidate on the ballot in all 50 states wasn't overly challenging to the campaign staff; supporters (b) just needed (c) to gather signatures (d) quick.  (e) no error

(d) "quick" should be an adverb here "quickly".

Hope it popped.

27

What pops in the following item?

(a) Until early this morning, Julien (b) had suffered greatly from continuous (c) illusions that both frightened him and provoked him to act in a (d) threatening manner to the staff. (e) no error


 

Lots of things should "pop", but probably not the error.

(a) "Until early this morning" pops as a definite time indicator.|
(b) "Had suffered" pops as a tense error.

(c) "Illusions" is on the wrong word list.
(d) "Threatening" is a [verb]-ing pop.

28

How do you eliminate possible errors on this sentence?

(a) Until early this morning, Julien (b) had suffered greatly from continuous(c) illusions (c) that both frightened him and provoked him to act in a (d) threatening manner toward the staff. no error (e)

(a) Eliminate, because although you could suggest that "Before early this morning" sounds better to you, that doesn't make this form wrong.
(b) You should skip until last.  When you check, the time indicator makes past perfect tense correct.

(c) matches with allusions - illusions on the wrong word list, but allusions is not the right meaning.
(d) "threatening" is an adjective describing "manner", so it's cool.

29

If you don't know, what would be a good guess here?

Until early this morning, Julien had suffered greatly from continuous illusions (c) that both frightened him and provoked him to act in a threatening manner toward the staff. no error (e)

(c) would be a good guess.

Unless you remembered that "illusion" is also mistaken for "hallucination", then it's not a guess, at all.

Whenever you guess, circle the question number in the booklet.  If you finish the section early enough to recheck answers, this will guide you to check these first.

Sometimes, a second look makes the error pop.

30

Which possible selection on sentence correction produces the most errors on the SAT?

(e) "no error", is almost always rated "very difficult".

Don't be afraid to pick it, but don't rush to it either.

Remember a wrong answer costs you one quarter point per error.