Neurological Rehabilitation Flashcards Preview

Neurology > Neurological Rehabilitation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Neurological Rehabilitation Deck (12):
1

when in a patients journey is neurological rehabilitation introduced and why?

introduced on admission to acute care
continued right through even when patient back in community

2

what is the aim of neuro-rehab?

optimise patients level of function and their level of participation in society

3

what healthcare professionals are involved in neuro-rehab?

rehab physician and nurse
physio
OT
speech and language
neuropsychologist
social work
orthotist
dietician

4

what conditions most commonly are seen in neuro-rehab?

acquired brain injury (trauma, metabolic eg prolonged hypoglycaemia)
MS pts (acute relapsing, progressive)
spinal cord injury
stroke
neurodegenerative disease
amputees / prosthetics
transition service for young adults

5

how are patients aims met in neuro-rehab?

goal setting for each task
short, medium and long term goals

6

what framework is followed to produce goals for neuro-rehab?

SMART
s - specific (to each task)
m - measurable (for progress)
a - achievable
r - reliable
t - time efficient

7

what is meant by active rehab?

rehab that takes place early to prevent adaptation of tasks

if patients dont recover quickly enough to preserve a task, they resort to adaptation of how they are going to get around it

8

what is meant by restorative rehab?

modification of neural networks in order to fix the neurological impairment

9

how does neuro-rehab promote priming intervention?

use motor and visual imagery ie getting patient to imagine themselves completing a task - this increases brain function

mirror therapy in amputees also useful in increasing function

10

what technique is used in augmenting intervention?

restriction of good limb to promote use of bad limb

11

what is preventative rehabilitation and why is it important?

used to prevent complications eg pressure sores, DVT

important as 70-90% of patients experience these complications

12

what types of equipment may patients be trained to use during rehab?

apps on smartphones for speech and language development

walking aids eg sticks

equipment for house eg handrails, ramp etc