Research Methodology Flashcards Preview

DENT 1520 > Research Methodology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Research Methodology Deck (49)
Loading flashcards...
1

Background Questions

-general knowledge questions

-learn about particular disorder/drug therapy

-impact of patients health and prescription/OTC drugs

2

JADA

-author names: last name space 1st Initial of first and middle
have all names---if more than 6 then put et al

each name has a comma in between and period at the end

jr or sr follows after initials

-no credentials

-article---original style

-capitalize---1st letter of 1st word in title, proper names

-abbreviations are capialized

-abbreviate---journal title to pubmed

-year of publication w/ semicolon and then volume # and Issue # in parenthesis w/ colon and then page numbers

3

Ethical Responsibility


•Meaningful
•Unbiased
•Statistically verifiable
•NO conflict of interest
•Obligation to publish
•Honesty and integrity
 

4

How humans are protected in research


•Primary professional purpose

•Guiding principles

•Use of control groups

•Evolution of regulations for the conduct of research involving human subjects
 

5

Personal Autonomy

-individual decide for himself what is appropriate
-guardians/parents

6

Beneficience

-attend to well being of patient
-max benefits, minimize harm

7

Justice

-fariness in research
-equal distribution of benefits/burdens
-fair selection
-no discrimination
-equal odds

 

8

History of Regulatory Groups

-Nuremberg Code---voluntary consent
-Declaration of Helsinki---review of research
-National Research Act---regulations
-HIPPA---privacy/ confidentiality 

9

IRB

-institutional review board
-composition
-review
-expediated
-exempt
-guidelines

-5 members---not all 1 gender, not froms ame profession, one non science, one non affiliate

10

Expediated Review

-non invasive procedure
-moderate exercise by adults
-faster
-chairman & 1 member

11

Exempt Reviews

-surveys/interviews
-2ndar analysis of coded data

12

Informed Consent

-information elements
-consent elements

13

Subjects be fully informed

-why selected
-confidentiality 
-risks
-benefits

-use lay language---basic, clear, low education level and available for questions

14

Consent Elements

-voluntary
-consider vulnerable subjects(kids, prisoners, students, elderly)
-freedome to withdraw
-form
 

15

Informed Consent Form

-signatures= patient/subject, researcher, witness
-nonbinding agreement
-researcher is liable


-not needed for retrospective studies

16

Pubmed/central keywords

-author names
-journal names
-mesh terms
-articles titles
-abstracts

 

17

Peer Reviewed Journals

-sent to other scholars in same field
-looking for opinion on quality/ relevance to field

18

Key Points

-efficient
-succinct
-interesting
-clarity
-grabs readers attention
-new ideas

19

Effective Poster

-professional=
black/blue background w/ white type and yellow accent
white background w/ black type and blue accent

-font=
title=sans serif, bold
remainder= serif (times)
left justified
readable from 5-6 ft

20

Poster---Title & authors

-title= informative and interesting---10 words or less
visible from 10 ft

-author= presenting author is first, senior author is last

21

Poster abstract

-clear & concise
-background, hypothesis, materials/methods, summary, clin relevance


•IMRAD is an acronym for Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. 
 

22

Evidence Based Dentistry

-ask
-access
-appraise
-apply
-assess

23

PICO

-problem/patient
-intervention
-comparison
-outcome

24

Why are measurements used

–Precision
–Prevents ambiguity
–Descriptive
–Decision making/conclusions
–Evaluate condition/response to treatment
 

25

1-Numeral
2-number

1-symbol/qualitative

2-quantitative

26

noir

n-nominal---no real number

-no order, mutually exclusive 

male vs female, right hand/left hand, old vs young

27

noir

-ordinal---1 propery of real number
-order
-pain scale---ICDAS

28

noir

-integers---2/3 properities of real #
-no absolute zero

-farenheit and BP
-perio probing

29

noir

-ratio---all properties of real number


-height and weight

30

1-reliability
2-vailidity

-measurement is repeatable 
-reproducible/dependable 



2-measuring what it is supposed to measure


---if high reliability doesnt always mean high validity