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Flashcards in Situational variables affecting obedience Deck (10):
1

What are the three situational variables affecting obedience

Proximity
Location
Uniform

2

What was the obedience rate for proximity when the learner was in the room?

40%

3

What was the obedience rate when the instructions from the researcher were given over the phone?

20.5%

4

What was the obedience rate when the researcher wasn’t wearing uniform?

20%

5

What key study is associate with situational variables affecting obedience?

Milgram (1963)

6

Outline the study very briefly.

- Rigged ‘teacher’ + ‘learner’ study on word association however confederate would always get the learner and participant would always get the teacher.

- Teachers were instructed to administer shocks of 15v per incorrect answer (increasing by 15v each time)

- 15 v to 450 v

- when approaching higher voltages the ‘learner’ would show signs of distress and if the teacher wished to stop or hesitated prompting phrases such as ‘you must continue ‘ or ‘It is essential to the experiment that you continue and ‘ you have no choice but to continue

7

What were the findings from this study?

100% gave shocks up to 300v
12.5% stopped at 300 v
65% continued to the fatal 450 v

8

What was the sample of participants?

40 US males

9

How was this sample collected?

Volunteer

10

What type of study was this?

A controlled observation