STI's and meds used to treat Flashcards Preview

Term 3 OB/PEDS/MED SURG 2 > STI's and meds used to treat > Flashcards

Flashcards in STI's and meds used to treat Deck (32)
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1

what are the S/S of gonorrhea? 

  • most have no symptoms
  • males: whitish or greenisg discharge, dysuria
  • females: discharge, bleeding during intercourse, redness or swelling of the external genitalia, dysuria, abdominal pain, abnormal menstruation. 

2

treatment for gonorrhea

  • ceftrioxone (rocephine) + azithromycin or doxycycline

3

what is the 1st sign of syphillis? 

  • primary: chancre
  • secondary: flu like symptoms (fever, sorethroat, gneralized aching), rash and pustules.

4

what are the treatments for syphillis?

  • if the duration is < 1 year it is penicillin G 
  • durations > 1 yr it is penicillin G and tetracycline or doxycycline.

5

how long do we monitor IM Pnc G for ?

  • 30 minutes

6

nursing care for the patient with gonorrhea

  • inquire about sexual partners, make sure they all get treated.

7

why do some ppl refuse to seek care and treatment for STI's?

  • fear of being judged, anxiety and embarrasment.

8

list of STI

  • gonorrhea
  • syphillis
  • hep B
  • CMV cytomegalovirus
  • chlamydia
  • herpes

9

what are the symptoms of trichomonas?

 

  • foul smelling discharge

10

pt teaching regarding Flagyl?

  • abstain from alcohol

11

S/S of genital herpes

  • genital lesions

12

What does HPV lead to?

  • cervical Cancer

13

HPV vaccines

  • Gardasil
  • Cervarix

14

Azithromyzin adverse effects

  • diarrhes
  • vomiting
  • abdominal pain
  • vaginitis

15

how do you ttest for gonorrhea?

  • smears and cultures during PAP

16

What is affected with systemic ( disseminated) gonorrhea?

  • heart
  • skin
  • joints
  • meninges

17

Aldara (genital warts condylomata acuminatum from HPV) treatment duration?

  • 3 x wk x 16 wks

18

age group most affected by STI's?

  • 15-24 yrs

19

syphillis treatment PT teaching

  • no sexual activity until after 1 month from treatment completion.

20

medication used for herpes

  • acyclovir

21

difference between trichomoniasis and bacterial vaginosis?

  • both cause fishy odor
  • thrichomoniasus has frothy, yellow discharge
  • bacterial vaginosis has a thing, grey discharge

22

how is bacterial vaginosis treated?

antibiotcs

23

consideration when treating gonorrhea pt?

their sex partners. inquire about them.

24

prescription name when given to pt for sex partners?

EPT- expedited partner therapy

25

how would you know goborrhea tretment was effective

pt needs to follow up

26

test used to diagnose syphillis?

  • Venereal disease research laboratory test (VDRL)
  • Rapid plasma reagin test (RPR)

27

HPV warts name?

condylomata accuminata

28

types of herpes?

  • type 1- non genital (affects mouth)
  • type 2- genital

29

PT teaching to prevent STIs

use condom

30

what is a complication of chlamydia?

PID