3-Lumbar ME Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3-Lumbar ME Deck (22)
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1


Why do we do muscle energy?

mobilize joints, stretch msucles, improve circulation, fix respiratory fxn

2

What is the main method of muscle energy do we do?

Post isometric relaxation

3

What are some absolute contraindications?

fracture, dislocation, or severe joint instability, or uncocoperative pt

4

What are some relative contraindiciations?

Moderate to severe muscle strains, advanced osteoporosis, severe illness. Basically when the benefitsd outweight the risks.

5

What is the shape of lumbar vertebrae?

large (support weight), wedge shaped (higher in front)

6

What vertebral level is the iliac crests?

L4

7

Where are the spinous processes relative to the vertebral body in lubars?

Same level

8

What is th primary lumbar motion?

Flexion and extension

9

What way do the facets sit for lumbars?

backward and medial

10

Besides flex/ext, what 2 oither motions do lumbars do?

Sidebending and rotation

11

Rotation of the lumbars may cause what?

disk compression

12

O/I of lattissumus dorsi?

O-t7-L2, iliac crest. I-humerus

13

Action of lats?

adducts, extends and internally rotates arm

14

Why does the butt have to do with low back pain?

Because there are ties with thoracolumbar fascia

15

Action of gluteus?

extend hip and stablilize torso

16

What are the 3 erector spinae?

Iliocostalis, longissimus, Spinalis

17

Action of erector spinae?

extension and unilateral side bending

18

Actions of iliopasoas?

hip flexion, lumbar sidebending

19

What is the anatomy of the posterior longitudinal ligament in the lumbar region?

Narrows in the lubar region, decreases support and icnreases risk of disc herniation?

20

Fxn of iliolumbar ligament?

stablilizes the lumbosacral junction

21

What is the #1 way to get an accurate Dx in a differential Dx of back pain?

A GOOD HISTORY

22

What are type 1 dysfunction?

neutral, S and R to opposite side