Advanced Vocab Words - Set 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Advanced Vocab Words - Set 6 Deck (200)
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1

Define:

pedant
(ped-ant)

n. someone who shows off knowledge
n. someone who pays undue attention to rules

Dominic is a pedant who annoys everyone in the class with his long-winded questions and unnecessary quotes from the textbook.

2

Define:

penchant
(pen-chunt)

n. a strong preference for something

Kate had a penchant for interior decorating, so she took over the role of set designer for the play.

3

Define:

penury
(pen-yuh-ree)

n. extreme poverty or destitution

Having lived in penury their whole lives, the townspeople were very grateful for the donations sent by the charitable organization.

4

Define:

tangent
(tan-djunt)

n. a different topic

adj. touching

Halfway into her speech on global warming, she went on a tangent about materialism in modern society.

5

Define:

technocracy
(teck-knock-ruh-see)

n. rule by scientists

In the movie, the future is a technocracy where programmers rule the entire world.

6

Define:

tedium
(tee-dee-um)

n. dullness
n. the feeling of being bored

The tedium of a fixed routine made John reconsider his plans to become a teacher.

7

Define:

tenacious
(tuh-nay-shuss)

adj. sticking strongly to something
adj. having greater than average longevity
adj. stubborn

Despite the sudden thunderstorm, the tenacious runners continued to move towards the finish line.

8

Define:

timorous
(tim-er-us)

adj. easy to frighten

The timorous young man jumped at even the slightest sound.

9

Define:

tirade
(tahy-raid)

n. a long, angry rant

One student asked a simple question about the death penalty, causing the teacher to launch into a tirade about the topic.

10

Define:

torpid
(tore-pid)

adj. lacking physical or mental energy

The student was torpid and generally uninvolved in discussions, so the teacher had to speak with him about his participation.

11

Define:

torpor
(tore-per)

n. a state of low physical or mental energy

The doctors discovered that her torpor was a symptom of a severe illness.

12

Define:

torrid
(tore-id)

adj. extremely hot
adj. having intense emotion or passion

The president was accused of carrying on a secret and torrid love affair with his aide.

13

Define:

totalitarianism
(toe-tal-ih-tare-ee-un-izm)

n. absolute, dictatorial control by the government

After years of civil war, one party emerged triumphant and dominated the country in a return to totalitarianism.

14

Define:

tractable
(track-tuh-bul)

adj. easy to handle or control
adj. easily shaped

After some training, the dog became tractable enough to be sold as a pet.

15

Define:

anomalous
(uh-nom-ih-luss)

adj. different from the norm; aberrant

The new shampoo was a success, although there were a few anomalous cases in which it actually damaged consumers' hair.

16

Define:

antipathy
(an-tip-uh-thee)

n. aversion; loathing

The couple tried to hide their antipathy toward the new neighbors so as not to seem unwelcoming.

17

Define:

approbate
(ap-ruh-behyt)

v. to approve

The judge approbated her right to keep the house.

18

Define:

appropriate
(uh-pro-pree-ehyt)

v. to take by force
v. to assign for a certain purpose

During the chaos following the president's death, his wife appropriated the role of head of the organization.

19

Define:

arbiter
(are-bih-ter)

n. a person chosen to solve a dispute

One of her duties as babysitter was to act as arbiter when the children got into arguments.

20

Define:

archetype
(are-kih-tahyp)

n. a typical example of something
n. the original on which something else is modeled

Dante's Divine Comedy was the archetype upon which many derivative works were based.

21

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. someone who shows off knowledge
n. someone who pays undue attention to rules

pedant
(ped-ant)

synonyms: sophist, doctrinaire, know-it-all

22

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a strong preference for something

penchant
(pen-chunt)

synonyms: fondness, inclination

23

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. extreme poverty or destitution

penury
(pen-yuh-ree)

synonyms: squalor, deprivation

24

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a different topic

tangent
(tan-djunt)

synonyms: digression, departure

25

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. rule by scientists

technocracy
(teck-knock-ruh-see)

synonyms: scientific rule

26

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. dullness
n. the feeling of being bored

tedium
(tee-dee-um)

synonyms: monotony, boredom, routine

27

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. sticking strongly to something
adj. having greater than average longevity
adj. stubborn

tenacious
(tuh-nay-shuss)

synonyms: adamant, persistent

28

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. easy to frighten

timorous
(tim-er-us)

synonyms: fearful, nervous, rattled

29

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

n. a long, angry rant

tirade
(tahy-raid)

synonyms: abuse, outburst, berating

30

Which of your vocabulary words means the following?

adj. lacking physical or mental energy

torpid
(tore-pid)

synonyms: dormant, drained, motionless