Articles (Oleic Acid, CLA, Nutragenomics, Pro/Prebiotics, microbiome) Flashcards Preview

Nutritional Biochem 2 > Articles (Oleic Acid, CLA, Nutragenomics, Pro/Prebiotics, microbiome) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Articles (Oleic Acid, CLA, Nutragenomics, Pro/Prebiotics, microbiome) Deck (40)
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1

reduced risk of coronary HD

oleic acid

2

best source of oleic acid

olive oil

3

what might benefit digestive diseases by lowering gastric acid secretion?

oleic acid

4

What can moderate the postprandial hyperactivity of B-cells?

oleic acid

5

What is responsible for the hypotensive effects of olive oil?

oleic acid

6

pimary isomer of CLA from beef

cis-9, trans-11

7

main interest involving CLA

obesity

8

What supp increases palmitoyl transferase-l and uncoupling protein 3 in skeletal m.?

CLA

9

what might be an anti-breast caner component of milk?

CLA

10

CLA's benefit to bone health involves interaction with what?

calcium

11

What can improve antibody production following hep B vaccination?

CLA supp

12

one potential adverse effect of CLA?

increased oxidative markers

13

hemochromatosis gene

HFE

14

5-methyltetrahydrofolate

MTHFR

15

MTHFR TT genotype

NTD's

16

MTHFR AA genotype

higher angiotensinogen and HTN
- more responsive to DASH diet

17

different responses to meds according to genotype

pharmacogenetics

18

affects genetic performance most

malnutrition in 1st and last trimester

19

what can compensate for dysfunctional/absent genes

some nutrients, such as folic acid

20

what accounts for 95% of caffeine metabolism?

cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) in the liver

21

what initiates the breakdown of homocysteine?

methylene hydrofolate reductase (MTHFR)

22

do nutrigenetic tests diagnose disease?

NO

23

"forgotten organ"

microbiome

24

microbiome synthesizes what vitamines?

K and B

25

Bile acid signaling through farnesoid X receptor (FXR) results in?

- reduction of triglycerides, cholesterol, and fatty acids
- improvement of glucose metabolism and hepatoprotection

26

BA signaling to TGR-5

immune modulatioin and energy metabolism

27

3 bacterial communities

Bacterioides, prevotella, or ruminococcus

28

bacterioides-dominated

diet high in fat

29

provetella-dominated

diet high in carbs

30

ruminococcus-dominated

mucins