Articulatory-Phonological Development and Speech Sound Disorders Flashcards Preview

SLP Praxis > Articulatory-Phonological Development and Speech Sound Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Articulatory-Phonological Development and Speech Sound Disorders Deck (29):
1

It has been found that infants under one year of age are able to

distinguish sounds that are not used in their language

2

What are acquired first, vowels or consonants?

vowels

3

What are the first types of consonants to be acquired?

nasals

4

What is mastered first, stops or fricatives?

stops

5

what are mastered first liquids or fricatives?

liquids

6

Phonological Processes can be divided into 3 categories:

substitution
assimilation
syllable structure

7

What is something children with Speech sound Disorders may be at risk for?

reading and spelling in the elementary years

8

What is another word for tongue tie

ankyglosia

9

What type of malocclusion happens when the arches themselves are generally aligned properly but some individual teeth are misaligned?

Class 1 malocclusion

10

What type of malocclusion happens when the upper jaw is protruded and the lower jaw is receeded aka an overbite

Class II malocclusion

11

What type of malocclusion happens when the patient has an underbite

Class III malocclusion

12

How can you evaluate oral motor coordination skills

diodokinitic rate

13

treatment for childhood dysarthria should be

very repetitive and structured

14

This speech disorder is caused by CNS damage. There is no weakness or paralysis of the muscle; however the damage to the CNS makes it difficult to program the precise movements necessary for smoothly articulated speech

APRAXIA

15

Apraxia is a

motor programming disorder

16

these children often show groping behaviors and poor intelligibility due to inconsistent and multiple articulation errors

Apraxic

17

A hallmark feature for apraxia is

inconsistent and multiple articulation errors

18

Treatment for apraxia should

progress from easy to difficult tasks

19

what treatment should be multimodal? for dysarthria or apraxia?

apraxia. dysarthria should be repetitive and structured.

20

difference between independent and relational assesment

in independent the child's utterances are not compared to that of an adult speaker but in relational the child's speech is compared to the adult model

21

What approach focusses on auditory discrimination/perceptual training, phonetic placement, and drill like repetition and practice at increasingly complex motor levels until target phonemes were automatized

Van Ripers Traditional Approach

22

What approach uses auditory discrimination

Van Ripers traditional approach

23

In which approach is the syllable, not the the isolated phoneme, is the basic unit of speech production

McDonald's Sensory-Motor Approach

24

This approach stresses phonetic environment

McDonald's Sensory-Motor Approach

25

The primary goal of this approach is to establish phonological rules in a child's environment

General Linguistic Approach

26

the goal of this approach is to establish missing distinctive features or feature contrasts by teaching relevant sounds.

Distinctive Feature Approach

27

This approach uses minimal pairs

Distinctive Feature Approach and Contrast approaches

28

this therapy arised from a dissatisfaction with minimal pair therapy.

metaphon therapy

29

this therapy is based on metalinguistic awarness

metaphone therapy