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Flashcards in Language Development in Children Deck (27):
1

Who came up with the cognitive theory of language acquisition?

Piaget

2

What theory states that interaction with the physical environment is important for cognitive development?

Piaget cognitive theory

3

Who believes that the child is an active participant in learning?

Piaget

4

What are Piagets stages of cognitive development?

1. Sensorimotor stage: 0-2 years, object permanence
2. Preoperational Stage: 2-7 years old, learn thru pretend play, egocentric, lack of concept and conservation --> amount stays the same regardless of the container
3. Concrete Operations Stage: 7-11 years old, think more logically,
4. Formal Operations Stage: 11 years to adulthood, abstract thought

5

Who came up with the social interactionism theory?

Vytgosky

6

Who and what theory believed that language develops because people are motivated to interact socially?

Social interactionism theory - Vygotsky

7

How do vygotsky and piaget differ in their theories?

Unlike Piaget who views cognitive skills as a prerequisite to language, Vygotsky viewed languages as a precursor to cognition, that children use language to structure thought.

8

WHo believed that challenging tasks promote maximum cognitive growth?

Vygotsky

9

What do you call the range of tasks that a child cant do independently but with the assistance of soemone smarter? what theory does this fall into?

Zone of Proximal Development
Vygotsky, social interactionalism

10

What is a called when another person provides help and support 4 a child to help them complete a task in the ZPD

scaffolding

11

This theory says that learning is acquired through modeling and observation

Social Learning Theory

12

What theory says that learning does not depend on performance?

Social learning theory

13

What theory states that language is: content form and use

Interactionist Learning Theory

14

Who came up with the interactionist Learning THeory?

Bloom and Lahey

15

Who states that the SLP is a facilitator and not a trainer or tutor?

Bloom and Lahey, in the Interactionist Learning theory

16

Who said that langauge develops through the childs interaction with the world and the models and stimuli need to be frequent and in meaningful --child should only produce the word when its necessary

Interactionist Learning THeory

17

Proposed theory to explain acquisition of verbal language not language in general
Verbal behaviors form through stimulation, response, and reinforcement and requires social interaction
Verbal language is not innate
Caregivers perform actions that promote language learning in children

skinner behavioralist theory

18

prides environment and social interaction

behavioralist theory/skinner

19

Verbal behavior is broken down into these 5 verbal behaviors in the behavioral theory

mands
tacts
echoics
autoclitics
intraverbals

20

This theory states we all are born with Langauge

Chomsky
Nativist Theory

21

this theory states that there are universal rules that apply to all languages and as we develop we keep the rules that apply to our language

Chomsky
nativist theory

22

Little need for exposure to social interaction, environment modification, or reinforcement

chomsky nativist

23

the study of word structure

morphology

24

the study of meaning in a language

semantics

25

What are the 5 components of language

Morphology
syntax
semantics
pragmatics
phonology

26

language development in children depends on these factors:

1. innate characteristics of the child (IQ, Attention Span)
2. Environment
3. Social Interactions
4. Cultural Expectations.

27

An example of an embedded sentence

The boy, who got a haircut, looks nice