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Flashcards in cervical outline Deck (79):
1

unites anterior and posterior arches on C1?

lateral mass

2

what is the shape of the superior articular process of C1?

elliptical

3

which facet faces backwards, upwards, and medial (BUM) of C1

the facet of the superior articular surface

4

what is the shape of the facet of the superior articular surface of C1

concave, long oval (peanut shaped)

5

the shape of the inferior articular process of C1?

columnar, circular in shape

6

which facet faces backward, medial, and downward (BMD)? C1

the facet of the inferior articular surface

7

what is the shape of the facet of the inferior articular surface?C1

flattened or slightly concave

8

the lateral mass has no ________ pillar. C1

articular

9

the tubercle for the transverse atlantal ligament is located on? C1

medial surface of the lateral mass

10

the transverse process of C1 that is reduced in size relative to typical cervical vertebrae, with a small or absent anterior tubercle?

costal element
the costotransverse bar will be rudimentary or absent

11

the transverse process of C1 is a _____ transverse process and posterior tubercle.

True transverse process

12

the largest of all transverse cervical formamen is located on which vertebrae?

C1

13

how many centers of ossification does C2 have?

7
5 primary
2 secondary

14

what are the five primary centers of ossification of the C2 vertebrae?

Centrum
Neural arches (right and left)
Odontoid process (right and left halves)

15

what are the two secondary centers of ossification of the C2 vertebrae?

inferior epiphyseal rim
apex of the odontoid process

16

the depression lateral to the midline crest on the anterior surface of the C2 vertebral body is the attachment site for what?

the attachment site for the longus colli muscle

17

what is the peg-like mass projecting superiorly from the C2 vertebral body?

Odontoid process

18

what is on the anterior surface of the odontoid process of C2?

the facet for the fovea dentis

19

what is on the posterior-inferior surface of the odontoid process of C2?

the groove for the transverse atlantal ligament

20

what is located on the apex of the odontoid process of the C2 vertebrae?

APICAL DENTAL LIGMENT attachment site

21

what is located on the posterior-lateral border of the superior portion of the odontoid process of the C2 vertebrae?

Alar ligament attachment site

22

what is located superiorly and covered by the superior articular process and facet on the C2 vertebrae?

the Pedicle

23

what is located posterior to the superior articular process?C2

superior vertebral notch
slightly prominent

24

what is located anterior to the inferior articular process?C2

inferior vertebral notch
large and more prominent

25

which articular process of C2 is large but short?

superior articular process

26

which facet of C2 is typically asymmetrical and convex, while facing backward, upward, and lateral (BUL)?

superior articular facet

27

the inferior articular process and facet are ________ for the cervical region.

typical

28

the superior and inferior process of C2 do not form what?

they do not form an articular pillar

29

the transverse process of C2 is similar to?

the tranverse process of C1

30

the Lamina of C2 is massive and otherwise _______ for cervical region?

typical

31

the spinous process of C2 is ______ and always _____.

large and always Bifid

32

the epiphyseal rims of the vertebral body are transitional between the cervical and thoracic vertebrae, this is for what vertebrae?

C7

33

the superior epiphyseal rim is typical for a cervical vertebra, with uncinate processes and anterior and posterior grooves, this is true for which vertebrae?

C7

34

the inferior epiphyseal rim is more like that of a thoracic vertebra, anterior and posterior lips and lateral grooves are absent or reduced in which vertebra?

C7 mofo!

35

the transverse process of C7 is a true transverse process with?

a large posterior tubercle and is overall thickened

36

the costal element of C7 transverse process is?

reduced, with the anterior tubercle small or absent;
costotransverse bar rudimentary or absent

37

the transverse foramen of C7 may be?

small, duplicated or absent

38

true or false
C7 does have an articular pillar formed by inferior and superior articular process?

false there is no articular pillar

39

the facets of the C7 vertebrae articular process are approximately how many degrees from which directional plane?

10 degrees from the vertical plane

40

the superior articular facet of C7 is similar to which other vertebra?

C3-C6 (BUM)
Backwards, upwards, medial

41

the inferior articular facet is similar to which vertebra?

a typical thoracic vertebra (ForMeD)
Forward, medial, and downward

42

the spinous process of which vertebra is long and horizontal, non-bifid with a large spinous tubercle?

C7

43

what are the typical cervical vetebrae?

C3-C6

44

what cervical vertebrae are roughly rectangular in shape and in lateral view the anterior height is less than the posterior height?

C3-C6
they are small in size and increasing in size from C2-C7

45

which cervical vertebrae has superior epiphyseal rim that is concave from side to side, resulting in uncinate process?

C3-C6

46

which cervical vertebrae have a superior epiphyseal rim that is convex from front to back resulting in anterior and posterior grooves?

C3-C6

47

which cervical vertebrae have an inferior epiphyseal rim that is convex from side to side, resulting in lateral grooves?

C3-C6

48

which cervical vertebrae have an inferior epiphyseal rim that is concave from front to back, resulting in anterior and posterior lips?

C3-C6

49

the pedicles of which cervical vertebrae project posterio-laterally from the vertebral body, at approximately a 45 degree angle from the sagittal plane with superior and inferior vertebral notches/incisures approximately equal in depth?

C3-C6

50

the intervertebral foramen of C3-C6 faces what direction?

obliquely and at a 45 degree angle
(nearly oval in shape)

51

the uncinate process of C3-C6 helps form the border of what?

intervertebral foramen

52

on C3-C6 what projects laterally from the vertebral body and the root of the pedicle?

costal element

53

on C3-C6 what is the swelling of bone at the end of the costal element?

anterior tubercle

54

on C6 what is the modified anterior tubercle, enlarged and scalloped to accommodate which artery?

carotid tubercle accommodating the common carotid artery.

55

what is most frequent at C7 and develops from the costal element?

cervical rib

56

the true transverse process of C3-C6 projects laterally from?

lamina-pedicle junction

57

on C3-C6 what is the swelling at the end of the true ransverse process?

posterior tubercle

58

on C3-C6 the costotransverse bar is between the anterior and posterior tubercles and is associated with the sulcus for the?

sulcus for the ventral primary ramus

59

on C3-C6 the transverse foramen is medially bounded by what?

pedicle and vertebral body

60

on C3-C6 the transverse foramen is anteriorly bounded by?

costal element

61

on C3-C6 the transverse formane in bounded posteriorly by?

true transverse foramen

62

on C3-C6 the transverse foramen is bounded laterally by the?

costotransverse bar

63

on C3-C6 the transverse foramen transmits what?

the vertebral artery

64

on C3-C6 what is orientated approximately 60 degree antero-lateral from a sagittal plane and 15 degree downward from a horizontal plane?

transverse process

65

on C3-C6 what is the shape of the vertebral foramen?

heart shaped or triangular

66

what is the largest at C6, an accommodates the cervical enlargement of the spinal cord?

vertebral foramen

67

the spinous process gradually _________ in length, C3-C6

gradually increases

68

bifid spinous process is variable and __________ in frequency from C3 to C6.

decreases in frequency

69

what vertebrae has two centers of ossification and one secondary center?

C1

70

what are the two primary centers of ossification for C1?

right and left lateral masses

71

what is the secondary center of ossification for C1?

anterior arch

72

what is the midline elevation on the anterior surface of the anterior arch of C1?

anterior tubercle

73

what is the articulating facet, located on the posterior surface of the anterior arch on C1?

Fovea dentis

74

what is the midline elevation on the posterior surface of the posterior arch on C1?

posterior arch

75

what is the elevated line/ridge of bone on the superior surface of the posterior arch on C1?

Arcuate rim

76

the sulcus for the vertebral artery, and located posterior to the lateral mass is the passage way for what?

vertebral artery
first cervical spinal nerve

77

what is the bony bridge over the sulcus for the vertebral artery on C1?

ponticulus posticus

78

what is the foramen formed by the posterior arch and the ponticulus posticus on C1?

arcuate foramen

79

what is located posterior to inferior articular process on C1?

inferior vertebral notch