Ch. 387 Flashcards Preview

Nelson - Exam 4 (Respiratory) > Ch. 387 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 387 Deck (13)
1

Choking is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children, especially those of what age group

Younger than age 4 yr

2

Most common objects that children choke on are

Food, coins, balloons, and toys

3

One-third of aspirated objects are ___

nuts, particularly peanuts

4

Three stages of symptoms may result from aspiration of an object into the airway

1) Initial event 2) Asymptomatic interval 3) Complications

5

This stage is most treacherous and accounts for a large percentage of delayed diagnoses and overlooked foreign bodies

Asymptomatic interval

6

MC bronchial foreign body

Nuts

7

___ can help define radiolucent foreign bodies such as fish bones

CT

8

T/F Foreign body aspiration: If there is a high index of suspicion, bronchoscopy should be performed despite negative imaging studies

T

9

treatment of choice for airway foreign bodies

prompt endoscopic removal with rigid instruments

10

Complete obstruction asphyxiates the child unless it is promptly relieved with the Heimlich maneuver

Laryngeal FB

11

Choking and aspiration occurs in 90% of patients with
___, stridor in 60%, and wheezing in 50%

tracheal foreign bodies

12

Bronchial FB: ___ is an immediate complication, in contrast to, which is a late finding

Air trapping, atelectasis

13

___ is most helpful in diagnosis of bronchial FB

A good expiratory posteroanterior chest film