Chapter 1.6 Genetic Engineering Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1.6 Genetic Engineering Deck (14):
1

Normal control of bacterial cell activity depends on

genetic information

2

Genetic information can be transferred from the cells of one species to the cells of another either

naturally or artificially

3

Natural methods of transfer include

fertilization in animals and plants and the transfer of plasmids between bacterial species or by viruses.

4

Artificial transfer of genetic information is called

genetic engineering

5

Genetic engineering often but not always involves

bacteria

6

Pieces of chromosome can be transferred from a

donor species to another which then allows the recipient species to make new proteins.

7

Genetic engineering is carried out by humans to allow a species to

make a protein that is normally made by another species.

8

Stage 1 of genetic engineering is:

Identifying a section of DNA that contains the required gene from the chromosomes of a donor species.

9

Stage 2 of genetic engineering is:

Extracting the required gene

10

Stage 3 of genetic engineering is:

Inserting the required gene into a vector or bacterial plasmid

11

Stage 4 of genetic engineering is:

Transforming the recipient (host) cell by placing the modified plasmid into it.

12

Following a genetic engineering, transformed cells are cultured to produce a

GM (genetically modified) strain or organism

13

The GM strain or organism can produce

a new protein normally made by another species

14

Virus is a

Microorganism that can be used in the transfer of genetic information