Chapter One Clinical Considerations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter One Clinical Considerations Deck (12)
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What is psoriasis vulgaris?

Build up of keratinocytes in the stratum corneum leading to patchy skin lesions

1

What signs and symptoms accumulate with psoriasis vulgaris?

Fast acting mitosis of skin cells, inflammation of dermal papillae, patchy skin lesions

2

What are spots with extra pigmentation due to increased melanin but not an increase in melanocytes?

Freckles

3

What is vitiligo?

Patches of skin that lack melanocytes

4

What is the cause of vitiligo?

Unknown, but it associated with other types of diseases which means there could be another link

5

What are locations of discoloration due to proliferation of melanocytes?

Moles

6

What is another term for moles?

Naevi

7

What occurs when melanocytes become extremely mitotic and invade the dermis?

Malignant melanoma

9

What occurs when melanocytes fail to produce melanin?

Albinism

10

What causes psoriasis vulgaris?

Accelerated keratinocyte life cycle (1 week) due to fast mitosis leading to their accumulation in the stratum corneum

11

What part of the dermis becomes inflamed in psoriasis vulgaris?

Dermal papillae

12

What causes freckles?

Increase in melanin products in certain locations without an increase in melanocyte numbers