Flashcards in Chapter Two - CT Cont. Deck (74)
What cells are produced during the first exposure primary immune response?
Memory cells (B and T)
What increases the permeability of capillaries and venules as well as dilates arterioles and small arteries during a basic inflammatory reaction?
What extends the effects of histamine?
What reacts first in a basic inflammatory reaction like a cut in the skin?
What reacts last in a basic inflammation reaction like a cut in the skin?
Heparin and ECF
What counters the effects of histamine?
What attracts neutrophils?
What attracts eosinophils?
What is the stimulus for a basic inflammatory reaction like a cut in the skin?
Phagocytosis, direct trauma, complement
What is the stimulus for an intermediate inflammatory reaction?
Hay fever and allergic contact dermatitis are examples of what kind of inflammatory reaction?
Dead cells, debris, and broken fibers are examples of what kind of inflammatory response?
What is massively produced during anaphylaxis?
Exposure to bee venom, peanut oil, and shellfish are examples of what kind of inflammatory reaction?
What can the circulatory shock of anaphylaxis lead to?
What is the cause of cardiovascular collapse with severe anaphylaxis?
Extensive internal bleeding
Which type of asthma involves an unknown allergen with a usual adult onset?
Which type of asthma involves allergens that are typically in the air and childhood onset?
What is the primary problem of asthma?
Release of leukotrienes
What stimulates asthma?
IgE allergen complex or secondary factors like fatigue, endocrine changes, odors, emotions, foods, etc.
What causes secondary difficulties of asthma?
Inflammation in the lungs
What cells become macrophages in connective tissue?
What phagocytic cells are attracted to sites of acute inflammation?
What cells combat parasitic worm larvae?
What leukocytes are attracted to sites of allergic inflammation?
What is the most abundant leukocyte in the blood?
Basophils are similar to what kind of cell?
What is the function of basophils?
Initiate, maintain, and influence inflammation
What kind of leukocyte is attracted to sites of chronic inflammation?