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Flashcards in Chapter Two - CT Cont. Deck (74)
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0

What cells are produced during the first exposure primary immune response?

Memory cells (B and T)

1

What increases the permeability of capillaries and venules as well as dilates arterioles and small arteries during a basic inflammatory reaction?

Histamine

2

What extends the effects of histamine?

Leukotrienes

3

What reacts first in a basic inflammatory reaction like a cut in the skin?

Histamine

4

What reacts last in a basic inflammation reaction like a cut in the skin?

Heparin and ECF

5

What counters the effects of histamine?

Heparin

6

What attracts neutrophils?

NCF

7

What attracts eosinophils?

ECF

8

What is the stimulus for a basic inflammatory reaction like a cut in the skin?

Phagocytosis, direct trauma, complement

9

What is the stimulus for an intermediate inflammatory reaction?

IgE/allergen complex

10

Hay fever and allergic contact dermatitis are examples of what kind of inflammatory reaction?

Intermediate

11

Dead cells, debris, and broken fibers are examples of what kind of inflammatory response?

Basic

12

What is massively produced during anaphylaxis?

IgE

13

Exposure to bee venom, peanut oil, and shellfish are examples of what kind of inflammatory reaction?

Anaphylaxis

14

What can the circulatory shock of anaphylaxis lead to?

Cardiovascular collapse

15

What is the cause of cardiovascular collapse with severe anaphylaxis?

Extensive internal bleeding

16

Which type of asthma involves an unknown allergen with a usual adult onset?

Intrinsic asthma

17

Which type of asthma involves allergens that are typically in the air and childhood onset?

Extrinsic asthma

18

What is the primary problem of asthma?

Release of leukotrienes

19

What stimulates asthma?

IgE allergen complex or secondary factors like fatigue, endocrine changes, odors, emotions, foods, etc.

20

What causes secondary difficulties of asthma?

Inflammation in the lungs

21

What cells become macrophages in connective tissue?

Monocytes

22

What phagocytic cells are attracted to sites of acute inflammation?

Neutrophils

23

What cells combat parasitic worm larvae?

Eosinophils

24

What leukocytes are attracted to sites of allergic inflammation?

Eosinophils

25

What is the most abundant leukocyte in the blood?

Neutrophils

26

Basophils are similar to what kind of cell?

Mast cells

27

What is the function of basophils?

Initiate, maintain, and influence inflammation

28

What kind of leukocyte is attracted to sites of chronic inflammation?

Lymphocytes

29

What is the adult stem cell?

Mesenchyme cells