Congenital Anomalies of the Larynx, Trachea, and Bronchi Flashcards Preview

Nelson - Respiratory System > Congenital Anomalies of the Larynx, Trachea, and Bronchi > Flashcards

Flashcards in Congenital Anomalies of the Larynx, Trachea, and Bronchi Deck (12):
1

MC congenital laryngeal anomaly

Laryngomalacia

2

MCC of stridor in infants and children

Laryngomalacia

3

Diagnosis of laryngomalacia is confirmed by

Outpatient flexible laryngoscopy

4

Suitable management for most infants with laryngomalacia

Expectant observation

5

2nd MCC of stridor in infants and children

Congenital subglottic stenosis

6

Congenital anomalies of airway: First symptoms often occur with a respiratory tract infection

Congenital subglottic stenosis

7

Diagnosis of congenital subglottic stenosis is confirmed by

Direct laryngoscopy

8

Surgical management for congenital subglottic stenosis in avoiding tracheostomy

Anterior laryngotracheal decompression (cricoid split) or laryngotracheal reconstruction with cartilage grafting

9

MCC of secondary tracheomalacia

Aberrant innominate artery

10

Used to describe vascular anomalies that result from abnormal development of the aortic arch complex

Vascular ring

11

MC complete vascular ring, encircling both trachea and esophagus, compressing both

Double aortic arch

12

MC open vascular ring

Aberrant right subclavian artery