Day 11 (pg 186) Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Final Exam > Day 11 (pg 186) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 11 (pg 186) Deck (17):
1

How does rib 1 differ in ossification centers from typical ribs?

rib 1 has two secondary centers of ossification: one for the head and one for the tubercle; typical ribs have three secondary centers of ossification

2

How does rib 10 differ in ossification centers from typical ribs?

rib 10 has two secondary centers of ossification: one for the head and one for the tubercle; typical ribs have three secondary centers of ossification

3

How do ribs 11 and 12 differ in ossification centers from typical ribs?

ribs 11 and 12 do not have secondary centers of ossification

4

What are the primary parts of the vertebral end of a typical rib?

the head, neck and tubercle

5

What is unique about the body (corpus or shaft) of the first rib?

the body (corpus or shaft) of the first rib is flattened and has a scalene tubercle flanked by the groove for the subclavian artery and the groove for the subclavian vein

6

What unique feature is present on the body (corpus or shaft) of the second rib?

the tuberosity for the serratus anterior

7

What distinguishes the vertebral end of rib 11 from typical ribs?

the single articular surface, absence of a well-developed crest on the neck and the tubercle may be absent or if present, consists only of a non-articular surface

8

What are the classifications of ribs 3-7 in the typical adult skeleton?

typical ribs, true ribs, costa verae, and vertebrosternal ribs

9

What are the classifications of ribs 1 and 2 in the typical adult skeleton?

atypical ribs, true ribs, costa verae, and vertebrosternal ribs

10

What are the classifications of ribs 8 and 9 in the typical adult skeleton?

typical ribs, false ribs, costa spuriae, and vertebrochondral ribs

11

What are the classifications of rib 10 in the typical adult skeleton?

atypical rib, false rib, costa spuriae, and vertebrochondral rib

12

What are the classifications of ribs 11 or 12 in they typical adult skeleton?

atypical ribs, false ribs, costa spuriae, and vertebral ribs

13

What is the joint classification of the costochondral joint?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis

14

What is the classification of the fifth - sixth or ninth - tenth interchondral joint?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

15

What accessory ligaments are present at interchondral joints?

anterior and posterior interchondral ligaments

16

Which costal cartilages fail to form a joint at their sternal end?

the eleventh and twelfth coastal cartilages

17

In the developing sternum, what joint classification is present between the manubrium, gladiolus and xiphoid process?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis