Day 3 (pg 149) Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Final Exam > Day 3 (pg 149) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Day 3 (pg 149) Deck (31):
1

What is the origin of the longus colli?

vertebral bodies of C5-C6, T1-T3, & anterior tubercles of transverse processes C3-C5

2

What will innervate the longus colli?

ventral rami of C2-C6 or C7 spinal nerves

3

What will innervate the longus capitis?

the ventral rami of C1-C3

4

What is the origin of the rectus capitis anterior?

lateral mass & costal element of the transverse process of C1

5

What will innervate the rectus capitis anterior?

ventral rami of C1-C2 spinal nerves

6

What will innervate the rectus capitis lateralis?

the ventral rami of C1-C2 spinal nerves

7

What is the insertion of the anterior scalene?

ridge and anterior scalene tubercle of the first rib

8

What will innervate the anterior scalene?

the ventral rami of C2-C6 spinal nerves

9

What is the insertion of the middle scalene?

between the tubercle and groove for the subclavian artery on the first rib

10

What will innervate the middle scalene?

the ventral rami of C3-C8 spinal nerves

11

What is the insertion of the posterior scalene

outer surface of second rib

12

What will innervate the posterior scalene?

the ventral rami of C6-C8 spinal nerves

13

The quadratus lumborum is implicated in the formation of which ligament?

the iliolumbar ligment

14

What will innervate the quadratus lumborum?

the ventral rami of T12 & L1-L3 or L4 spinal nerves

15

What is the origin of the psoas major?

vertebral bodies T12, L1-L5, S1 transverse processes of L1-L5

16

What is the origin of the psoas minor?

vertebral bodies T12, L1

17

What will innervate the psoas minor?

the ventral ramus of L1 spinal nerve

18

What will innervate the iliacus?

the femoral nerve, primarily the ventral rami of L2 & L3

19

What will innervate the levator costarum brevis?

the dorsal rami of T1-T12 spinal nerves

20

What will innervate the levator costarum longus?

the dorsal rami of the lower thoracic spinal nerves

21

What will innervate the serratus posterior superior?

the ventral rami of T2-T5 spinal nerves...intercostal nerves

22

What will innervate the serratus posterior inferior?

the ventral rami of T9-T11, the intercostal nerves &
the ventral ramus of T12, the subcostal nerve

23

What is the maximum number of common ligaments identified with the vertebral couple?

eight

24

What is the resin that nine common ligaments are identified but only eight will be attached at any specific vertebral couple?

the ligamentum nuchae and supraspinous ligaments attach to the spinous tubercles, but only one of these will be identified at a single vertebral couple

25

What is the number of true intervertebral discs identified in the adult?

twenty-three

26

What is the percent of intervertebral disc height contribution to the length of each region of the vertebral column?

cervical...22-25%; thoracic...20%; lumbar...33%

27

What is the cervical nucleus pulposus composed of?

fibrocartilage

28

What is the water concentration in the lumbar nucleus pulpous at birth and after thirty?

birth....88%; thirty...70%

29

What is the organizational pattern for glycosaminoglycans in the lumbar nucleus pulposus?

they typically lack a binding site for hyaluronic acid and are thus non-aggregated

30

What cell is associated with the nucleus pulposus until about age eleven?

notochord cells

31

Which type of collagen is dominant in the nucleus pulposus?

collagen type II