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Flashcards in Epidemiology Deck (14)
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1

percentage of true positives/total people with the dz (PID)

sensitivity

2

percentage of true negatives/total people without the dz (NIH)

specificity

3

exclude a dz if a highly sensitive test is negative (SnOUT)

sensitivity use

4

confirm a diagnosis if a highly specific test is positive (SpIN)

specificity use

5

probability of a pt with a positive test result having the dz

likelihood ratio positive

6

sudden increase in the number with dz locality

epidemic

7

normal occurrence of a dz in a particular locality

endemic

8

sudden increase in the number with d worldwide

pandemic

9

number of people living with the d at a given time

prevalence

10

number of new cases in the population at a given time

incidence

11

number of people who die from a particular dz per 100,000 people

mortality rate

12

number of people who have a particular dz per 100,000 people

morbidity rate

13

dz that has newly appeared - Ebola, SARS< MERS

emerging dz

14

previously known dz that has increased or spread - MRSA, MDRTb

re-emerging dz