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Flashcards in Fungi Deck (28)
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1

chitin wall, ergosterol membrane, 80S ribosome, nucleus

fungus characteristics

2

superficial, subcutaneous or systemic

classification

3

dry microsporum, trichophyton; epidermoophyton; moist candida

superficial fungi

4

sporothrix and madurella

subcutaneous

5

opportunistic and non opportunistic

systemic

6

pneumocystis, aspergillus and cryptococcus

opportunistic systemic fungi

7

histoplasma, coccidioides, paracoccidioides, and blastomyces

non opportunistic systemic fungi

8

keratin is needed to growth : microsporum, trichophyton; epidermophyton

dermatophyte

9

keratin is not needed: malassezia and candida

non dermatophyte

10

sporulation, condia (asexual) and zygospores (sexual)

form of reproduction

11

stains fungi red

periodic acid schiff stain

12

stains fungi black and grey

gomori methenamine silver stain

13

specific for fungi: contains dextrose and peptones in an agar medium

sabouraud culture medium

14

mold (cold): multicellular, branching hyphae; yeast (hot) unicellular, buds

temperature related forms

15

can exist in both forms depending on the circumstance; candida

dimorphic

16

decaying vegetation or dry wall; inhalation of spores; cough and hemoptysis

aspergillus fumigatus

17

US east coast, inhalation of spores; affects skin, bone and lung

blastomyces dermatidis

18

likes moist skin folds, red itching rash with a cottage cheesy discharge

candida albicans

19

san joaquin valley fever; spore inhalation, lungs, joints and skin

coccidioides immitis

20

pigeon poop, spore inhalation, pneumonia, brain abscess, owl eye lesions

cryptococcus neoformans

21

dermatophyte; tinea pedis with red itchy scaly feet

epidermophyton floccosum

22

spread by bat droppings

histoplasma capsulatum

23

rotting vegetation, woodcutters, puncture wound, warty lesions on foot

madurella grisea or mycetomatis

24

tinea versicolor, hypopigmented rash, spaghetti and meatballs appearance

malassezia furfur

25

dermatophyte; tinea corporis: ring like lesions with healing centers

microsporum canis

26

latin american males, spore inhalation, nasal ulceration, spoke wheel

paracoccidioides brasiliensis

27

spore inhalation; causes pneumonia in an immune compromised pt

pneumocystis jiroveci (carinii)

28

rotting vegetation, rose gardeners, spread along lymphatics in the limb

sporothrix schenckii