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Boards in March - Micobiology > Infection Control > Flashcards

Flashcards in Infection Control Deck (20)
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1

exposure of milk to progressively higher temperatures

pasteurization

2

use of chemicals or heat to destroy all life

sterilization

3

use of chemicals to destroy most pathogens

disinfection

4

allowing water to pass through materials with pores of different sizes

filtration

5

use of aluminum to precipitate material from water

flocculation

6

allows the precipitate to settle out

sedimentation

7

addition of anaerobic bacteria to aid in the break down organic material

sludge digestion

8

allowing water to pass through sand which removes anaerobic bacteria

sand filtration

9

bubbling oxygen through water to kill anaerobic bacteria

aeration

10

adding chlorine which kills all remaining bacteria

chlorination

11

inoculation with a substance to establish resistance against specific dz

vaccination

12

hep A, influenza, salk polio, cholera, pertussis, typhoid and plague

killed vaccine

13

sabin polio, measles, mumps, rubella, yellow fever, chieckpox, smallpox

live attenuated vaccine

14

capsular extract; hep B, meningococcal, pneumococcal and hemophilus

microbial extracts

15

formaldehyde-treated toxins; tetanus and pertussis

toxoids

16

adjuvant, egg protein, formaldehyde, monosodium glutamate and thimerosal

additives

17

added to enhance the ability to generate antibodies; aluminum salts

adjuvant

18

deactivate pathogens or toxins

formaldehyde

19

to prevent bacterial contamination in multi-use vials

thimerosal

20

live vaccines in a sick child, known allergies to egg protein

contraindications