Extreme Tourism (Antarctica) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Extreme Tourism (Antarctica) Deck (12):
1

Started in

1950s

2

What started it

Small scale commercial shipping began to take place with a few passengers

3

First cruise ship

Specailly designed- first voyage in 1969

4

Visitors over the years

1992-93 = 9000
2006-07 = 37000
2007-08 = 46000

5

Tourist companies

100 involved

6

Nationality of visitors

2006
38.9%- American
14.4%- British
10.3%- German
8.4%- Australian

7

Journey

In northern hemisphere people usually fly to New Zealand or Argentina then take a cruise ship for 1/2 weeks

8

Ice coverage

Over 99%

9

Activities

Walking
Kayaking
Skiing
Climbing
Scuba diving
Helicopter/small aircraft flights

10

Impacts

Penguins and seals always disturbed and may abandon eggs and young
Ships can strike uncharted rocks
Oil spoils are hazardous for wildlife

11

IAATO

All tour operators are a part of this
Directs tourism to be safe and environmentally friendly
100 companies involved
Visitors can't go to SSSIs

12

Rules

Protection is a high priority
Permit needed for activities
Ships can only carry less than 500 passengers

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