National Parks (Lake District, England) Flashcards Preview

Geography Case Studies > National Parks (Lake District, England) > Flashcards

Flashcards in National Parks (Lake District, England) Deck (30):
1

What/where

Glaciated upland areas in Cumbria, north-west England

2

How large

64km from north to south, 53km east to west

3

When did it become an NP

1951

4

Famous for

Stunning scenery, abundant wildlife and cultural heritage

5

Lakes

Ribbon lakes and tarns
Lake Windermere as ferry cruises

6

Main centres

Windermere and Ambleside

7

Walks

Vary in length and difficulty to cater to all

8

Mountaineering

'Birthplace of mountaineering'
Many challenges for the most experienced of climbers

9

Guides

William Wordsworth wrote in 1810 a guide as did Wainwright

10

History

Historical and cultural sites
Occupied since the end of the ice ages, 10,000 years ago
Evidence remains of early settlements
John Ruskin and Beatrice Potter had homes here

11

Impacts of tourism

1. Traffic problems
2. Honeypot sites
3. Pressure on property
4. Environmental issues

12

Tourism management strategies

1. Traffic solutions
2. Honeypot management
3. Property prices
4. Environmental issues

13

Tourism conflict opportunities

1. Farming
2. Employment

14

P1. Traffic problems

89% of visitors come by car
Roads are narrow and winding
Towns like Bowness-on-Windermere aren't built to sustain this level of traffic
Congestion and parking are major problems

15

P2. Honeypot sites

Both physical and cultures HPSs
Beauty spots and shopping centres attract hundreds of visitors daily
Serious footpath erosion in more popular spots eg Cat Bells
In the Lake District over 4 million people walk over 6km every year

16

P3. Pressure on property

20% of homes here are second homes
This causes 3 issues
1. Holiday cottages and flats aren't occupied all year so owners aren't part of community
2. Holiday makers often don't support local businesses as they bring food with them
3. Demand from outside LD increases property prices so local people are forced out

17

P4. Environmental issues

Water sports prohibited on some lakes
Lake Windermere allows many damaging activities as wash from fast vehicles erodes shore

18

S1. Traffic solutions

Two strategies
a. Public transport planning
b. Efficient road network planning

19

S1a. Public transport

1. Bus lanes operate in towns but narrow roads prevent this especially in rural areas
2. Park and ride schemes to battle parking problems

20

S1b. Efficient road network

1. Dual carriageways built around edge of Lake Distrcit
2. Distributor roads link key tourist areas
3. Choice of roads to take to split traffic
4. Traffic calming measures eg cattle grid to slow down drivers
5. Heavy lorries kept of scenic routes

21

S2. Honeypot management

3 elements
a. Footpaths
b. Parking
c. Litter

22

S2a. Footpaths

Repairing footpaths encourages people to stay on them and reinforcing them prevents further damage
Signposting routes also limits number of paths

23

S2b. Parking

Develop small car parks and hide with trees and these should be reinforces with large concrete slabs with holes in them. These holes fill with soil so grass covers concrete

24

S2c. Litter

Bins provided at key points and empties regularly
Picnic areas are designated to reduce litter

25

S3. Property prices

Local authorities could build more homes for rent and then lower price houses for sale

26

S4. Environmental issues

Speeds limits for boats to stop shore erosion however this limits enjoyment

27

Conflict over farming

Visitors trample crops and disturb livestock but signs and education will limit this
More income for framers with pony trekking and paint balling

28

Conflict over employment

Can be positive as businesses thrive but seasonality is a problem and low pay

29

Conflict over farming

Visitors trample crops and disturb livestock but signs and education will limit this
More income for framers with pony trekking and paint balling

30

Conflict over employment

Can be positive as businesses thrive but seasonality is a problem and low pay

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