MDC Earthquake (Kobe, Japan) Flashcards Preview

Geography Case Studies > MDC Earthquake (Kobe, Japan) > Flashcards

Flashcards in MDC Earthquake (Kobe, Japan) Deck (24):
1

Where

Kobe, Japan

2

WHen

17th January 1995

3

What plates

The Philippines Plate shifted uneasily beneath the Eurasian Plate along the Nojima fault line that runs beneath Kobe

4

How large

7.2 on richter scale

5

Length of tremors

20 seconds

6

People killed

6434 people (4600 were Kobe residents)

7

People seriously injured

40,000

8

People made homeless

300,000

9

Damage to city

Major damage to infrastructure
Gas mains ruptured
Water pipes fractured
Sections of elevated roads collapsed
Railway lines buckled

10

Road statistic

Only 30% of the Osaka to Kobe tracks were usable

11

Homes

One million had to cope without water for 10 days
Two million had no electricity

12

Fire damage

Fire spread especially to the west of the port

13

Initial response by victims

People huddles in blankets on the streets and in tented shelters in parks in dear of returning to buildings damaged by the earthquake

14

Expense of damage

$220 million and economy suffered

15

Companies

Companies such as Panasonic had to close temporarily

16

Immediate response

Friends and neighbours searched through rubble for survivors
When access was possible, emergency services joined

17

Hospitals

Struggled to cope with the massive demand
Operations in corridors

18

Retailers aid

7-eleven helped to provide essentials
Motorola maintained telephone connections free of charge

19

Within a month

Railways were 80% operational

20

By July

Road network was operational

21

By September

Hanshin Expressway was fully open again

22

A year later

Port was 80% operational but much of the container shipping business had been lost

23

Why did some buildings survive

They were built to a 1981 code whereas those built to the 1960s practise collapsed

24

New buildings

Built further apart to prevent dominos effect
High rise have flexible steel frames
Some built with concrete and steel frames
Rubber blocks put under bridges to absorb shocks

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