Flashcards in Laboratory Diagnostics Deck (16)
Normal pH of Vaginal Secretions
How is vaginal pH testing done?
pH paper on lateral side of the vagina
What conditions can occur with a vaginal pH higher than 4.5?
Rupture of membranes in pregnancy
Indications for a Vaginal Wet Mount
Interfering Factors with a Vaginal Wet Mount
Not during menses
Avoid vaginal meds for 2-3 days prior
Vaginal irritation from tampons or intercourse
White Cells of Vaginal Secretions
Clue Cells of Vaginal Secretions
Vaginal epithelial cells that are covered with bacteria
Have shaggy borders
Describe Normal Vaginal Epithelial Cells
Sharp, distinct borders
Lactobacilli in Vaginal Secretions
What conditions cause fewer lactobacilli to be present?
Mobile & zoom around the slide
Contain small tails
What does KOH do to vaginal secretions?
Removes normal cells & bacteria
Clears field so yeast buds & hyphae may be seen
Whiff Test with KOH
Apply KOH to slide and smell for amine (fishy) odor
What does NAAT stand for?
Nucleic Acid Amplification Testing
What sample is best for NAAT testing in women?
Vaginal fluid or endocervix