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Flashcards in LARGE GROUP Deck (43)
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1

o In one place for a COMMON ACTIVITY
o a group is where two or more individuals who are connected to one another by social relationships
o Three elements: the number of individuals involved; connection, and relationship.
o Follows NORMS

GROUP

2

Benefits of a Large Group

• Offers an efficient way to reach the most number of learners in a limited time
• Goal is to maximize learning through exchange of ideas

3

Benefits of a Large Group

• Offers an efficient way to reach the most number of learners in a limited time
• Goal is to maximize learning through exchange of ideas

4

Group is where ...

• Group of people
• Gathered in one place
• With a common activity
• With interaction
• Following group norms
• Working towards a common goal

5

• Most common strategy used by teachers
• Carefully prepared oral presentation of a subject by a qualified expert
• Efficient strategy to reach a large number of students in a limited time
• Focus on major points of the topic and not too lengthy
• Need to “refresh the lecture”
• Combined with other presentation methods
• Content-oriented

LECTURE

6

Uses of Lecture

1. To present factual material or a point of view directly
2. To entertain or inspire an audience: Accounts of personal experiences
3. To present up-to-date information on current research
4. To review, clarify, emphasize or summarize
5. To correct misconceptions

7

ADVANTAGES OF LECTURE

1. Suitable for audiences of any size
2. Easy to organize
3. Some learn more easily by listening
4. Efficient for passing on factual knowledge & conceptual learning
5. Economic: Staff use and Time
6. Can be easily recorded

8

LIMITATIONS OF LECTURE

1. Passive audience
2. Limited feedback
3. Not effective for teaching skills or developing attitudes
4. One-way communication
5. Students who are not auditory learners or are weak in notetaking will have a harder time
6. Effectiveness of lectures depends on: Oral skills and Personality of the lecturer

9

• Basic method of instruction for teaching skill-type subject matter
• Observe the performance of a task or procedure
• Used with both large and small groups
• May be live or prerecorded
• Imparts both knowledge & skills
• Learner carries out the activity under the guidance of the instructor • Visual presentation + oral discussion

DEMONSTRATION

10

USES OF DEMONSTRATION

1. To teach people to carry out a particular task, skill, or procedure
2. To convince others that a new product has merit
3. To set standards of workmanship
4. To teach safety procedures

11

ADVANTAGES OF DEMONSTRATION

1. Use of actual materials
2. Flexible pace
3. Utilizes several senses
4. Stimulates interest
5. Presents ideas and concepts more clearly
6. Provides direct experiences
7. Reinforces learning

12

LIMITATIONS OF DEMONSTRATION

1. Considerable time and expense
2. If a limited number of materials are available, some members of the group may not be occupied
3. Requires careful preparation & rehearsal

13

• A series of brief lectures on related topics
• Each speaker presents only one aspect of the topic
• Talks should be short: 10-15 minutes
• Moderator summarizes and will be followed by open discussion
• Structured, formal method
• Set beforehand: Order and Duration of presentation
• Commonly used method during conventions or postgrad programs
• More organized than the panel: Each speaker has prepared his/her part well

FORUM-SYMPOSIUM

14

USES OF FORUM-SYMPOSIUM

1. To tackle & analyze the different aspects of the topic
2. To clarify aspects of a complex problem & show the relation of the parts to the whole

15

ADVANTAGES OF FORUM-SYMPOSIUM

1. Permits audience participation
2. Allows for several points of view
3. More comprehensive subject coverage is possible
4. Short speeches keep the audience alert
5. Excellent device for informing an audience and crystallizing opinion
6. Develops cooperation

16

LIMITATIONS OF FORUM-SYMPOSIUM

1. Success of the forum depends on how well the speakers have prepared the lectures, ability of the moderator, and maturity of the audience
2. Heated debates may be stimulating, but they inhibit the development of consensus

17

ROLES OF THE CHAIRPERSON

1. Introduces the issue
2. Introduces the speakers
3. Conducts the forum
• Summarizes the discussion
• Provides link between presentations

18

• Group of 4 to 8
• Special knowledge of the subject
• Hold an orderly conversation on an assigned topic
• Similar purposes with the forum-symposium

PANEL DISCUSSION

19

DIFFERENCE OF PANEL DISCUSSION

1. Degree of control by the chairperson & speakers
2. Formality of the method of presentation

20

USES OF PANEL DISCUSSION

1. To identify and explore a problem or issue.
2. To give the audience an understanding of the various parts of a problem.
3. To weigh the advantages and disadvantages of a course of action.

21

DISADVANTAGES OF PANEL DISCUSSION

1. No formal presentation to deliver
2. Knowledgeable about the topic
3. Prepared & anticipated possible topics for discussion
4. Chosen based on their expertise

22

HOW TO RUN A PANEL DISCUSSION

1. Chairperson introduces issue and problems
2. Chairperson starts informal discussion with questions
3. Discussants express views and information about the topic and interact with one another
4. Chairperson serves as a moderator, clarifying and restating issue, redirects discussion, and summarizes points,
5. Open Forum may follow
6. Chairperson ends by summarizing major points

23

PROS OF PANEL DISCUSSION

1. Chairperson has more control
2. Experts present different opinions and can provoke better discussion than a one-person discussion.
3. Open forum for audience
4. Informal contact with the audience.
5. Frequent changes of speaker and viewpoint keep the audience interested and stimulate discussion.

24

CONS OF PANEL DISCUSSION

1. Less organized than a symposium
2. Not cover all aspects of the problem or may over-emphasize one aspect.
3. Extreme differences of opinion among the panel may block progress toward a solution.
4. Requires a skilled moderator.
5. Personalities may overshadow content.
6. Experts are often not effective speakers.

25

USES OF COLLOQUY

1. To identify and explore a problem or issue.
2. To give the audience an understanding of the various parts of a problem.
3. To weigh the advantages and disadvantages of a course of action.

26

PROS OF COLLOQUY

1. Provides audience representation and feedback from audience to expert.
2. Permits presentation of various sides of an issue.
3. Variety of speakers and presentations stimulates interest of members of the audience.

27

CONS OF COLLOQUY

1. Difficult for the moderator to hold the participants to the topic under discussion.
2. Audience members are in a primarily passive role.
3. Some members may want to “hog the show.”
4. Extreme difference of opinion among the group members may block progress toward a solution.

28

1. Similar to panel discussion
2. Expert discussants
3. Chairperson
4. Audience can ask or comment anytime
5. No separate Open Forum

SINGLE PANEL COLLOQUY

29

1. Modified version of the panel using 6 to 8 persons — half representing the audience, and half serving as resource people or experts.
2. Expert Panel
3. No active role in discussion
4. Lay Panel
5. Discuss topic
6. Throw questions at Expert Panel if needed
7. Open Forum follows

TWO PANEL COLLOQUY

30

• A group of people engaged in specialized study led by a recognized authority in the subject being studied:
Experts/ Authorities gives inputs about lesson at hand and lectures
• Single session or a series of sessions
• Use is to study a subject in depth under the guidance of an authority

SEMINAR