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Flashcards in Teaching in Small Groups Deck (55)
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1

Benefits of Small Group Learning

- provides immediate feedback on understanding (Nasmith and Daigle, 1996)
- encourages critical thinking (Garland, 1994; Crosby, 1996)
- promotes reflective learning and enhance interpersonal skills (Martin, 1996)
- teambuilding (Abercrombie, 1979)
- learner-centered (Crosby, 1996)

2

Each person aware of his/her own and others' membership
- Each is getting some satisfaction from participating in the activities taking place (Johnson and Johnson, 1975)

Small-Group

3

How many members for a group without leaders?

5-7 members

4

How many members for groups with an appointed leader and most effective when brainstorming is required?

10-12 members

5

Characteristics of a Small-Group to be a functional unit

- Interaction among members
- group structure
- shared goals
- entitativity
- dynamic interdependence

6

Roles of Facilitator

teacher
synthesizer
facilitator
mediator

7

Effectively communicates the materials to be covered, provides content, and identifies areas of interest

Teacher

8

Abstracts and condenses relevant information

Synthesizer

9

Sets climate, organize resources and helps elicit and clarify the purposes of individuals

Facilitator

10

Encourages and guides groups through the stages of development

Mediator

11

Offer facts, opinions, ideas suggestions, relevant information to help group discussion

Information and Opinion Giver

12

Asks for facts, information, opinion, and feelings from other members to help in the group discussion

Information and Opinion Seeker

13

Proposes goals and tasks to initiate action within the group

Starter/ Initiator

14

Develop plans on how to proceed and focuses attention on the task to be done

Direction Giver / Orienter

15

Pulls related ideas or suggestions together and restates and summarizes major points discussed

Summarizer

16

Gives additional information– examples, rephrases, implications– about points made by
others

Elaborator

17

Shows relationships among various ideas by pulling them together and harmonizes
activities of various subgroups and members

Coordinator

18

Figures out sources of difficulties the group has in working effectively and the blocks to
progress in accomplishing the group’s goals

Diagnoser

19

Stimulates a higher quality of work from the group

Energizer

20

Examines the practicality and workability of ideas, evaluates alternative solutions, and
appliers them to real situations to see how they will work

Reality Tester

21

Compares group decisions and accomplishments with group standards and goals

Evaluator

22

Cares for operation details, such as materials, machinery, etc.

Procedural Technician

23

Provide secretariat function

Recorder

24

Warmly encourages everyone to participate, giving recognition for contributions,
demonstrating acceptance and openness, to the ideas of others, and is friendly and
responsive to group members

Encourager of participation

25

Persuades members to constructively analyze their differences in opinions, searches for
common elements in conflicts, and tries to reconcile disagreements

Harmonizer and Compromiser

26

Eases tension and increases the enjoyment of group members by joking, suggesting
breaks, and proposing fun approaches to group work

Tension reliever

27

Smoothens communication by setting up procedures and ensuring equal participation
from members

Gatekeeper and Expediter

28

Shows good communication skills and make sure that each group member understands
what other members are saying

Communication Helper

29

Asks members how they feel about the way the group is working and about each other,
and shares own feelings about both

Evaluation of Emotional
Climate

30

Watches the process by which the group is working and uses the observations to help
examine group effectiveness

Process / Group Observer and
Commentator