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Hematology Oncology > Management of Common Cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Management of Common Cancer Deck (21):
1

What is cancer staging?

Process of determining how MUCH cancer is in the body and WHERE it is located

2

Why is the staging of cancer important?

Because the stage at diagnosis is the most powerful predictor of survival, and txs are often changed based on the stage.

3

Do screening test for lung cancer improve outcomes?

NO, d/t it being more rapid growing.

4

What are the 4 major types of lung cancer?

SCLC

NSCLC: SCC, Adenocarcinoma, and LCC

5

Is SCLC slow or rapid growing?

Rapid growing and aggressive
- once found usually spread

6

SCLC is almost exclusively found it what type of pts?

Smokers

7

How does superior vena cava syndrome relate to lung cancer?

Caused by bronchogenic carcinoma or mets to paratracheal nodes

8

S/sx of a pt with superior vena cava syndrome?

HA, nausea, dizziness, visual changes, syncope, respiratory distress

9

How do you establish a dx of breast cancer?

Excisional or incisional bx

10

What are some risk factors for prostate cancer?

Obesity
High fat, low fiber diet
Elevated insulin levels
Dietary supplementation w/ vitamin E

11

What are the 2 diagnostic tests used for prostate cancer?

DRE + PSA
- repeat in 2 wks, consult, and refer

12

DRE can detect tumors at what aspect of the prostate?

Posterior and lateral aspect of the prostate gland

13

What pts do you aggressively screen for cervical cancer?

Sexually active women who still have a cervix

14

How is cervical cancer detected early?

Pap smear

15

What vaccine is indicated for both males and females at age 9-26?

Gardasil vaccine (HPV)

16

Do screening for colon cancer improve outcomes?

YES! Colon cancer is slow-growing.

17

What finding is pathognomonic for ovarian cancer?

Sister Mary Joseph Nodule

18

PE and clinical presentation of testicular cancer?

Painless mass
- scrotal fullness or heaviness.

19

S/sx of Cervical cancer?

Painless hematuria

20

What test comes back positive for testicular cancer?

Serum beta hCG

21

Most common s/sx of prostate ca?

Low back pain