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ESA 2 - Pathological Processes > Naming neoplasms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Naming neoplasms Deck (26)
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1

what is the suffix for benign and malignant neoplasms?

benign: - oma
epithelial malignant (90%): -carcinoma
stromal malignant (10%): -sarcoma

2

what is the difference between in-situ and invasive neoplasms

in-situ = no invasion through epithelial basement membrane
invasive = penetrated through basement membrane

3

leukaemia is?

malignant neoplasm of blood-forming cells arising in the BM

4

lymphoma is?

malignant neoplasm of lymphocytes, mainly affecting lymph nodes, eg Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

5

myeloma is?

malignant neoplasm of plasma cells

6

germ cell neoplasms arise from?

pluripotent cells, mainly in testis or ovary

7

neuroendocrine tumours arise from?

cells distributed throughout the body

8

"-blastomas" are?

neoplasms mainly occuring in children, formed from immature precursor cells, e.g. nephroblastoma

9

a polyp is?

abnormal growth of tissue projecting from a mucous membrane

10

describe 3 different types of polyps

- papilloma: any tumour with finger-like projections

- sessile: slightly raised

- pedoncle: polyp at end of stalk

11

adenoma is?

benign tumour of epithelial tissue with glandular origin and/or characteristics

12

squamous cell papilloma is?

benign papilloma of squamous epithelial tissue

13

adenocarcinoma is?

malignant tumour of epithelial tissue with glandular origin and/or characteristics

14

basal cell carcinoma is?

malignant skin tumour

15

leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma are?

benign and malignant smooth muscle neoplasm

16

fibroma and fibrosarcoma are?

benign and malignant fibrous tissue neoplasm

17

osteoma and osteosarcoma are?

benign and malignant bone neoplasm

18

chondroma and chondrosarcoma are?

benign and malignant cartilage neoplasm

19

lipoma and liposarcoma are?

benign and malignant fat neoplasm

20

neuroma is?

benign nerve neoplasm

21

neurofibroma is?

benign nerve sheath neoplasm

22

glioma and malignant glioma are?

benign and malignant glial cell neoplasm

23

teratoma is?

tumour with tissue or organ components resembling normal derivatives of more than one germ layer.

24

seminoma is?

malignant teratoma in testes

25

dermoid cyst is?

benign teratoma in ovaries

26

name 3 types of neuroendocrine tumours

1. carcinoid tumours (various organs)
2. phaeochromocytoma (adrenal)
3. small cell carcinoma of bronchus