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Flashcards in Pathology 1 Deck (98)
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1

The atheromatous calcification of the aorta that occurs w/normal serum Ca level?
A. Enzymatic fat necrosis
B. Metastatic calcification
C. Lipodydtrophy
D. Dystrophic calcification

D. Dystrophic calcification

2

Increased secretion from anterior pituitary following closure of the epiphyseal plates could produce?
A. Acromegaly
B. Pagets Dz.
C. Gigantism
D. Cretinism

A. Acromegaly

3

A deficiency in which of the following trace elements results in tetany similar to that which accompanies hypocalcemia?
A. Copper
B. Zinc
C. Magnesium
D. Iron

C. Magnesium

4

Who is the most infectious member of the family?
A. Older people
B. Pregnant females
C. Middle aged males
D. School age children

D. School age children

5

Cor Pulmonale may be a complication of which of the following?
A. Patent ductus arteriosus
B. Kidney failure
C. Emphysema
D. Essential hypertension

C. Emphysema

6

Which of the following conditions is characterized by T cell deficiency due to lack of development of 3 & 4 pharyngeal pouches, deficiency of heart great vessels, mouth, ears, & fauces?
A. T-helper (-)
B. B-cell (-)
C. Improper clotting
D. Wischott Aldrich

A. T-helper (-)

7

What type of deficiency is delayed hypersensitive?
A. Type 1
B. Type 2
C. Type 3
D. Type 4

D. Type 4

8

Which of the following results from hyperparathyroidism?
A. Osteopenia
B. Increased weight loss
C. Increased cortical sclerosing
D. Increased metabolism

A. Osteopenia

9

10. What type of collagen is found 1st or earliest?
A. Type 1
B. Type 2
C. Type 3
D. Type 4

C. Type 3

10

Who is most likely to have entrapment neuropathy of median nerve?
A. Elderly males
B. Athletic males
C. Children
D. Pregnant female

D. Pregnant female d/t water retention

11

Intercranial calcification occurs M/C in?
A. Oligiodendroglioma
B. Medulloblastoma
C. Astrocytoma
D. Ependymoma

A. Oligiodendroglioma

12

Cardiac tamponade is defined as?
A. Aortic stenosis
B. Fluid in pericardial space
C. Excess fluid in capillaries
D. Increased fluid in veins

B. Fluid in pericardial space

13

Which of the following is a primary immunodefiency?
A. Hashimotos thyroidits
B. Myasthenia gravis
C. Burtons agammoglobulinemia
D. Aids

C. Burtons agammoglobulinemia

14

Almost all pathological changes of systemic lupus erythematosus involve which of the following?
A. Famma
B. Increased cytotoxins
C. Increased IgG
D. Increased immune cells

D. Increased immune cells

15

Which of the following is an autosomal gluco-cerebral Dz. w /hepatosplenomegaly?
A. Lymes Dz.
B. Kleinfelters Dz.
C. Marfans
D. Gauchers

D. Gauchers

16

Which of the following is the most common degenerative Dz. of the joints?
A. Osteoarthritis
B. Rheumatoid arthritis
C. Gouty arthritis
D. Migratory polyarthritis

A. Osteoarthritis

17

Which of the following is responsible for post infectious glomerulonephritis?
A. Group D staphylococcus
B. Staphylococcus streptococcus
C. Staph. Aureus
D. Beta hemolytic strep

D. Beta hemolytic strep

18

Metastatic osteoblastic tumor in a malignancy most likely originates from which of the following?
A. Breast
B. Lung
C. Prostate
D. Colon

C. Prostate 80% osteoblastic, 20% osteolytic

19

Which of the following is classified as a benign neoplasm?
A. Lipoma
B. Sarcoma
C. Carcinoma
D. Lymphoma & melanoma

A. Lipoma

20

Which of the following is a systemic immune complex reaction?
A. Poison oak
B. Incomplete blood transfusion
C. Rheumatoid arthritis
D. Food allergy

C. Rheumatoid arthritis

21

Serum sickness is an example of?
A. Immune complex
B. Delayed immunity
C. Antibody antigen mediated complex
D. T-cell mediated complex

A. Immune complex

22

A deficiency of vit. C most often affects?
A. Nerves
B. Muscles
C. Connective tissue
D. Hemopoietic tissue

C. Connective tissue

23

Wernecke-Korsakoff syndrome is caused by chronic alcoholisim is due to deficiency of which of the following?
A. B-6
B. B-3
C. C
D. B-1

D. B-1

24

Which of the following is characterized by lesion that has caseous necrosis in the center & surrounded by endothelial macrophages?
A. Tuberculosis
B. Fibrosis
C. Anthracosis
D. Silicosis

A. Tuberculosis

25

Release of histamine into the skin following cutaneous trauma causes?
A. Extracellular fluid filled capillaries
B. Granulomatous Increase of mast cells
C. Vasoconstriction causes blanching
D. Vasodilatation of arterioles causing redness

D. Vasodilatation of arterioles causing redness

26

Which of the following occurs in a keloid?
A. Response to wound healing
B. Hypertrophic enlargement of scar tissue
C. Early granulomatous Dz.
D. Benign tumor

B. Hypertrophic enlargement of scar tissue

27

What is the M/C benign tumor of the spine?
A. Hemangoma
B. Osteoma
C. Osteochondroma
D. Enchondroma

A. Hemangoma

28

What causes hoarseness associated with carcinoma in the apex of the lung?
A. Metastasis of the speech area
B. Increased sputum
C. Esophageal atresia
D. Laryngeal nerve damage

D. Laryngeal nerve damage

29

Which of the following substances is produced in the cells & increases inflammation d/t tissue damage?
A. Prostaglandin’s
B. Histamine
C. Leukotriene
D. Thrombus

B. Histamine

30

What is the result in the cell as a consequence of thyroid goiter?
A. Hyperplasia
B. Dysplasia
C. Metaplasia
D. Anaplasia

A. Hyperplasia Increased # of cells