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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (189):
0

Name three nerves which are located in the internal acoustic meatus?

Facial nerve
Vestibulocochlear nerve
Nervus intermdius

1

The apparent origin of the facial nerve lies at the inferior pontine sulcus, just lateral to the recess between _____________ and ___________.

Olive
Inferior cerebellar peduncle (restiform body)

2

Name four cranial nuclei and their modality related with the facial nerve.

Nucleus of the facial nerve - branchial efferent
Superior salivatory nucleus - visceral efferent
Tractus solitarius nucleus - taste sensation and efferent fibers
Spinal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve - general sensory

3

The small sensory root of the facial nerve is called ________.

NERVUS INTERMEDIUS

4

Name the nucleus which sends efferent fibers to the ventral group of nucleus of the thalamus.

SUPERIOR SALIVATORY NUCLEUS

5

At the end of the acoustic meatus the facial nerve enters the ______ which descends to reach the _______

FACIAL CANAL
STYLOMASTOID FORAMEN

6

The genicular ganglion communicates with the pterygopalatine ganglion through the _________

greater petrosal nerve of the facial nerve

7

The cervical branch of the facial nerve communicates with _______ of _____

TRANSVERSE CUTANEOUS CERVICAL NERVE
C2 & C3

8

Name the nerve which carries taste fibers from the palate & preganglionic parasympathetic nerve for the lacrimal, nasal & palatine mucosal glands.

GREATER PETROSAL NERVE

9

In the foramen lacerum, the greater petrosal nerve joined with the ____________ from _________ & it becomes the nerve of the pterygoid canal.

DEEP PETROSAL NERVE
internal carotid plexus

10

Name the nerve which connects the genicular ganglion to the otic ganglion.

lesser petrosal nerve

11

Name the nerve which conveys the middle meningeal sympathetic plexus to the genicular ganglion.

EXTERNAL PETROSAL NERVE

12

Before the facial nerve emerges from the stylomastoid foramen, it receives the auricular branch from ___________

the VAGUS nerve

13

Name two nerves from the facial nerve which arise in the facial canal.

NERVE TO THE STAPEDIUS OF THE CHORDA TYMPANI

14

Name the nerve which passes the middle tympanic cavity through the anterior & then posterior canaliculi. _____ of _____

CHORDA TYMPANI
Facial nerve

15

Name the nerve which communicates with the posterior branch of the great auricular nerve.

POSTERIOR AURICULAR NERVE

16

Name the nerve which supplies the occipital belly of the epicranium.

OCCIPITAL branch of Posterior Auricular of the Facial nerve

17

Name the nerve which supplies the intrinsic muscles of the lateral surface of the auricle.

TEMPORAL NERVE OF FACIAL NERVE

18

Name the nerve which supplies the frontal belly of the occipitofrontalis.

Temporal nerve of Facial nerve

19

Name the six intrinsic muscles of the auricle.

helicis major
helicis minor
tragicus
antitragicus
transversus auriculae
oblique auriculae

20

Name the two nerves which innervate the orbicularis oculi.

TEMPORAL NERVE
ZYGOMATIC NERVE

21

The superficial branches of the buccal nerve are joined with the ________ of the _______ & ________ of the ________

infratrochlear nerve of the nasocilliary nerve
external nasal nerves of the anterior ethmoidal nerve

22

The levator anguli oris & the zygomaticus minor are innervated by the ____________

UPPER DEEP BRANCHES of ZYGOMATIC NERVE

23

Name the nerve which innervates the risorius.

MARGINAL MANDIBULAR of FACIAL NERVE

24

Name the two nerves which join together and become the nerve to the pterygoid canal.

GREATER PETROSAL NERVE and DEEP PETROSAL NERVE

25

Name the three nerves which are branches of the facial nerve at the exit of the stylomastoid foramen.

POSTERIOR AURICULAR NERVE
DIGASTRIC NERVE
STYLOHYOID NERVE

26

Name the nerve which arises from the facial nerve opposite the pyramidal eminence on the posterior tympanic cavity wall.

NERVE TO THE STAPEDIUS

27

Name the nerve which passes through the posterior & anterior canaliculi on the tympanic bony walls.

CHORDA TYMPANI

28

The chorda tympani join the _______ of the mandibular nerve of the trigeminal nerve

LINGUAL NERVE

29

The afferent fibers from the presulcal part of the tongue form the ________ nerve of the ________.

CHORDA TYMPANI
FACIAL NERVE

30

Name two nerve which communicate with the posterior auricular nerve of the facial nerve.

GREAT AURICULAR NERVE
LESSER AURICULAR NERVE

31

Name the nerve which innervates the corrugator supercilii.

TEMPORAL Nerve

32

Name the intrinsic muscles of the auricle. (6)

helicis major & minor
tragicus
antitragicus
transversus auriculae
oblique auriculae

33

The procerus is innervated by the ________.

SUPERFICIAL BRANCHES of ZYGOMATIC NERVE

34

Name the nerve which innervates the zygomaticus major.

UPPER DEEP BRANCHES of ZYGOMATIC NERVE

35

Name the nerve which innervates the risorius.

MARGINAL MANDIBULAR of FACIAL N

36

The transverse cutaneous cervical nerve communicates with _______ of the facial nerve

CERVICAL NERVE

37

Name the sequential nerves from the superior salivatory nucleus to the submandibular ganglion.

Superior Salvitory Nucleus-->Facial Nerve-->Chorda Tympani--> Lingual Nerve-->Submandibular Ganglion

38

Facial paralysis is known as ________

Bell’s Palsy

39

The cochlear nerve arises from the _______ ganglion

spiral ganglion of Corti

40

The hair cells of the organ of Corti are for (hearing/balancing) sense.

hearing

41

The foraminous spiral tract becomes the ____________.

cochlear root aka radix cochlearis

42

The cochlear nerve terminates in the _________.

ventral/anterior cochlear nucleus and
dorsal/posterior cochlear nucleus

43

The nerve fibers from the basal cochlear convolution terminate in the__________ part of the posterior cochlear nucleus for the tonotopic organization

medial

44

The trapezoid body contains ______, _______ & ______ nuclei

posterior
medial
anterior

45

Name the connection between the dorsal cochlear nucleus to opposite side of the lemniscus.

Posterior acoustic striae aka medullary striae

46

The Probst’s commisure connects the right & left ____________

posterior nuclei of the lateral lemnisci

47

The peduncle of the inferior colliculi connects from the ____________ to the ________ for sound information.

commisure of the inferior colliculi
medial geniculate body

48

The right & left medial geniculate bodies are inter-connected by the ___________.

inferior supraoptic commisure or Gudden’s Commissure

49

The auditory cortex is located in the ________ gyrus.

superior temporal

50

The vestibular nerve originated from the _______ ganglion in the __________.

vestibular
internal acoustic meatus

51

The superior part of the vestibular ganglion receives nerves from the ______________.

anterior ampullary nerve
lateral ampullary nerve
utricular nerve
part of the saccular nerve

52

Name the first nucleus where the vestibular nerve enters centrally.

Lateral Vestibular Nucleus/Deiter’s Nucleus

53

Name the four vestibular nuclei in the caudal pons.

Lateral vestibular/Deiter’s nucleus
superior vestibular/Bechterew’s nucleus
medial vestibular/Schwalbe’s nucleus
the inferior vestibular nucleus

54

The vestibular nuclei connect to the _________ of the cerebellum.

nodulus and the flocculus

55

Name the tract which originates from the lateral vestibular nucleus to the sacral spinal cord for antigravity reflexes.

Vestibulospinal tract

56

Name five commisures connecting the vestibular tract in the central nervous system.

Probst’s Commissure
commissure of the inferior colliculi
inferior supraoptic commisure/Gudden’s Commissure
trapezoid body
medullary striae/posterior acoustic striae

57

Name four cranial nuclei and their target organ(s) related with the facial nerve.

Nucleus of the facial nerve - facial and auricular muscles
Superior salivatory ganglion - submandibular, sublingual, anterior lingual, lacrimal, pharyngeal, nasal, and palatine glands
Tractus solitarius nucleus - ventral lateral thalamic nuclei?
Spinal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve - skin of the auricular concha and external acoustic meatus

58

Name the nucleus, which sends visceral motor fibers to the submandibular, sublingual & lacrimal glands. ________________

Superior salivatory nucleus

59

Name the visceral efferent cranial nucleus and their peripheral ganglion.

Edinger-Westphal/accessory oculomotor nucleus - ciliary ganglion
Inferior salivatory nucleus -
Superior salivatory nucleus -
Dorsal Vagal nucleus -

60

At the lateral end of the acoustic meatus, the facial nerve enters the _____ to reach the ______.

Facial canal
Geniculate ganglion

61

Name four nerves, which communicate with the facial nerve at the stylomastoid foramen.

Glossopharyngeal
Vagus
Great auricular
Auriculotemporal

62

Name two ganglia, which communicate with the genicular ganglion.

Pterygopalatine ganglion
Otic ganglion

63

Name the modality(s) of the greater petrosal nerve.

Special sensory (taste)
Visceral efferent
General sensory

64

The greater petrosal nerve conveys between ____ and ____.

Geniculate ganglion
Nerve to the pterygoid canal

65

The deep petrosal nerve conveys between ____ and ____.

Internal carotid plexus
Nerve to the pterygoid canal

66

The external petrosal nerve conveys between ____ and ____.

Middle meningeal sympathetic plexus
Geniculate ganglion

67

The lesser petrosal nerve conveys between ____ and ____.

Tympanic plexus
Otic ganglion

68

In the foramen lacerum, the greater petrosal nerve joined with the ____ from _____ & it becomes the nerve of the pterygoid canal.

Deep petrosal nerve
Internal carotid plexus

69

Before the facial nerve emerges from the stylomastoid foramen, it receives the auricular nerve from the _____.

Vagus

70

Name the nervous communications in sequence from the genicular ganglion to the pterygopalatine ganglion for the visceral efferent fibers.

Greater petrosal nerve communicates with the deep petrosal nerve to form the nerve of the pterygoid canal --> pterygopalatine ganglion

71

Name nerves of sequential pathway of the visceral efferent nerves from the superior salivatory nucleus to the sublingual gland.

Superior salivatory ganglion
Nervus intermedius
Facial nerve
Chorda tympani
Lingual nerve of the mandibular nerve of the trigeminal
Submandibular ganglion
Lingual nerve
Sublingual gland

72

Name the two nerves, which join and become the nerve to the pterygoid canal.

Greater petrosal nerve
Deep petrosal nerve of the internal carotid plexus

73

Name the nerve, which conveys the middle meningeal sympathetic plexus to the genicular ganglion.

External petrosal nerve

74

Name the nerve, which communicates with the posterior branch of the great auricular nerve. ___

Posterior auricular nerve of the facial nerve

75

The cervical branch of the facial nerve communicates with _____ of _______.

Transverse cutaneous nerve

76

Name two branches of the facial nerve in the facial canal.

Nerve to the stapedius
Chorda tympani

77

Name three branches of the facial nerve at the exit of the stylomastoid foramen.

Posterior auricular nerve
Digastric nerve
Stylohyoid nerve

78

Name five branches of the facial nerve on the face.

Temporal
Zygomatic
Buccal
Marginal mandibular
Cervical

79

Name the nerve, which arises from the facial nerve opposite the pyramidal eminence on the posterior tympanic cavity wall.

Nerve to the stapedius

80

Name the nerve which passes the middle tympanic cavity through the anterior & then posterior canaliculi. _______ of _______

Chorda tympani of the facial nerve

81

Name the modality(s) of the chorda tympani.

Special afferent/sensory
Somatic afferent/sensory
Preganglionic parasympathetic motor/efferent (secretomotor)

82

The chorda tympani join the _____ of _____

Lingual nerve of the facial nerve

83

Name the nerve, which supplies the occipital belly of the epicranium. __________ of ____________

Occipital nerve of the posterior auricular nerve of the facial nerve

84

Name the nerve, which supplies the intrinsic muscles of the lateral surface of the auricle. ________ of _________

Temporal nerves of the facial nerve

85

Name the six intrinsic muscles of the auricle.

Helicus major
Helicus minor
Tragus
Antitragus
Transversus auriculae
Oblique auriculae

86

Name the nerve, which supplies the frontal belly of the occipitofrontalis.

Temporal nerves of the facial nerve

87

Name the two nerves, which innervate the orbicularis oculi.

Temporal and zygomatic nerves of the facial nerve

88

The superficial branches of the buccal nerve join with the ____ of _____ & _____ of _____.

Infratrochlear nerve of the nasociliary nerve
External nasal of the anterior ethmoidal nerve

89

The levator anguli oris & the zygomaticus minor are innervated by the _____ of _____.

Upper branches of the buccal nerves of the facial nerve

90

Name the nerve, which innervates the risorius. ______ of ______

Marginal mandibular nerve of the facial nerve

91

Name two nerves, which communicate with the posterior auricular nerve of the facial nerve.

Posterior branch of the great auricular
Lesser occipital nerve

92

Name the nerve, which innervates the corrugator supercilii.

Temporal nerves of the facial nerve

93

The procerus is innervated by the ________ of __________.

Superficial branches of the buccal nerve of the facial nerve

94

Name the nerve, which innervates the zygomaticus major. __________ of _________

Upper deep branches of the of the buccal nerve of the facial nerve

95

The transverse cutaneous cervical nerve communicates with ____ of the facial nerve.

Cervical nerve

96

Name the sequential nerves from the superior salivatory nucleus to the submandibular ganglion.

Sup. Salivatory Nucleus, nervous intermedius, facial nerve, chorda tympani, lingual nerve, submandibular ganglion

97

Facial paralysis is known as ___________.

Bell's Palsy

98

The cochlear nerve arises from the ______________ ganglion.

Spiral ganglion of Corti

99

The hair cells of the organ of Corti are for (hearing/balancing) sense.

Hearing

100

The foraminous spiral tract becomes the ________ root or nerve.

Cochlear nerve or radix cochlearis

101

The cochlear nerve terminates in the ______ & _______ nuclei.

Anterior cochlear
Posterior cochlear

102

The nerve fibers from the basal cochlear convolution terminate in the _____ part of the (posterior)ventral cochlear nucleus for the tonotopic organization

Medial

103

The trapezoid body contains _____, ______ & _____ nuclei.

Posterior, medial, and anterior nuclei of the trapezoid body (superior olive)

104

Name the connection between the dorsal cochlear nucleus to opposite side of the lateral lemniscus.

Posterior acoustic (medullary) striae

105

The Probst’s commisure connects the right & left ________.

Lateral Commissure

106

The peduncle of the inferior colliculi connects from _____ to _____for sound information.

Inferior colliculus
Medial geniculate body

107

The right & left medial geniculate bodies are inter-connected by the __________.

Inferior supraoptic (Gudden's) commissure

108

Name five commisures connecting the cochlear tract in the central nervous system.

Trapezoid body
Posterior acoustic (medullary) striae
Probst's commissure
Commissure of the inferior colliculi
Gudden's commissure/inferior supraoptic commissure

109

The auditory cortex is located in the __________ gyrus.

Superior temporal

110

The vestibular nerve originated from the ____ ganglion in the _______.

Vestibular ganglion
Internal acoustic meatus

111

The superior part of the vestibular ganglion receives nerves from the ___, ___, ____ & ___.

Anterior ampullary nerve
Lateral ampullary nerve
Utricular nerve
Part of the saccular nerve

112

Name the first nucleus where the vestibular nerve enters centrally.

Lateral vestibular/Deiter's nucleus

113

Name the four vestibular nuclei in the caudal pons.

Lateral vestibular/Deiter's nucleus
Superior vestibular/Bechterew's nucleus
Medial vestibular/Schwalbe's nucleus
Inferior vestibular nucleus

114

The vestibular nuclei connect to the ____, ____, & _____ of the cerebellum.

Nodulus
Flocculus
Uvula

115

Name the tract which originates from the lateral vestibular nucleus to the sacral spinal cord for antigravity reflexes.

Vestibulospinal tract

116

Name the nucleus for the taste sense of the glossopharyngeal nerve.

Nucleus of the tractus solitarius

117

Name the nucleus of the general sense of the glossopharyngeal nerve.

Spinal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve

118

Name the motor nucleus of the glossopharyngeal nerve for the stylopharyngeus.

Rostral nucleus Ambiguus

119

The parasympathetic fibers in the glossopharyngeal nerve are originated from the ___ nulceus.

Inferior salivatory nucleus

120

Name the nucleus, which sends the efferent fibers to the parotid gland.

Inferior salivatory nucleus

121

Name the nerves, which convey the visceral efferent fibers from the inferior salivatory nucleus to the parotid gland in sequence.

Inferior salivatory nucleus
Tympanic nerve
Tympanic plexus
Lesser petrosal nerve
Otic ganglion
Auriculotemporal nerve
Parotid gland

122

The glossopharyngeal nerve leaves the cranial cavity through _____.

Central part of the jugular foramen

123

The superior ganglion of the glossopharyngeal nerve gives off branches to the pharynx. True/false

False - the superior ganglion gives off no branches

124

The auricular nerve of the vagus communicates with ______ of the glossopharyngeal nerve.

Inferior ganglion

125

Name the nerve, which perforates the posterior belly of the digastric to communicate with the trunk of the glossopharyngeal nerve.

Facial nerve

126

Name the nerve, which arise from the inferior ganglion of the glossopharyngeal nerve & ascends through the inferior tympanic canaliculi.

Tympanic nerve

127

Name the nerves, which form the tympanic plexus.

Branches to the mucus membranes of the tympanic cavity
Lesser petrosal nerve
Catoticotympanic nerves

128

Name the nerve, which passes the foramen ovale or the canaliculi innominatus to join the otic ganglion.

Lesser petrosal nerve

129

Name the nerve, which innervates the carotid sinus.

Carotid nerve

130

Name the nerves, which form the pharyngeal plexus.

Pharyngeal nerve of the Glossopharyngeal nerve
Pharyngeal nerve of the vagus
Laryngopharyngeal nerve of the superior cervical ganglion

131

Name the nerve, which innervates the stylopharyngeus muscle.

Stylopharyngeal nerve

132

Name the nerve that innervates the postsulcal part of the tongue for the taste & general sense.

Lingual nerve of the Glossopharyngeal nerve

133

Name the nerve, which innervates the vallate papillae.

Lingual nerve of the vagus

134

The otic ganglion is functionally connected to _____________.

Glossopharyngeal nerve

135

Name the nerves that convey the visceral motor fibers from the inferior salivatory nucleus to the parotid ganglion in sequence.

Inferior salivatory nucleus
Glossopharyngeal nerve
Tympanic nerve
Tympanic plexus
Lesser petrosal nerve
Otic ganglion
Auriculotemporal nerve
Parotid gland

136

The sympathetic root of the otic ganglion is derived from ____________.

Middle meningeal plexus from the auriculotemporal nerve to the parotid gland

137

Name the four nuclei, which are connected to the vagus nerve.

Dorsal nucleus of the vagus
Nucleus Ambiguus
Nucleus of the tractus solitarius
Spinal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve

138

Name the related cranial nerves to the nucleus of the tractus solitarius.

Facial nerve (greater petrosal nerve and chorda tympani)
Glossopharyngeal nerve
Vagus nerve (internal laryngeal nerve)

139

The superior ganglion of the vagus is also known as __________.

Jugular ganglion

140

The nodose ganglion is known as __________.

Inferior ganglion

141

The meningeal nerve of the vagus arises from the _______.

Jugular ganglion

142

Name the nerves which arise from the jugular ganglion.

Cranial root of accessory nerve
Inferior ganglion of the Glossopharyngeal nerve
Facial nerve thru the auricular nerve of the vagus
Meningeal nerve of the vagus

143

Name the nerves which arise from the nodose ganglion.

Hypoglossal nerve
1st and 2nd ventral cervical nerves
Branches to the carotid body from the vagus
Pharyngeal nerve of the vagus
Superior laryngeal of the vagus

144

Name the nerve, which is distributed to the posterior wall of the external acoustic meatus.

Ramus of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve

145

Name the branch of the vagus, which joins the posterior auricular nerve of the facial nerve.

Auricular branch

146

Name the nerve, which crosses the 1st part of the right subclavian artery.

Right vagus nerve

147

Name the nerves, which supply the carotid body.

Carotid verve of the Glossopharyngeal nerve

148

The superior laryngeal nerve arises from __________.

Middle of the nodose ganglion

149

Name the nerve, which supplies the sensory fibers to above the vocal fold of the larynx.

Internal laryngeal nerve of the superior laryngeal nerve of the vagus

150

Name the nerve, which supplies the aryepiglotic fold.

Lower branch of the internal laryngeal nerve of the superior laryngeal nerve of the vagus

151

Name the nerve, which innervates the cricothyroid muscle.

External laryngeal nerve of the superior laryngeal nerve of the vagus

152

Name the nerve, which winds the aortic arch just behind the ligamentum arteriosum.

Left recurrent laryngeal nerve of the vagus

153

Name the nerve, which innervates to all the laryngeal muscles except the cricothyroid muscle.

Left recurrent laryngeal of the vagus

154

Name the nerve, which supplies sensory fibers to the mucous membrane below the vocal folds of the larynx.

Left recurrent laryngeal nerve of the vagus

155

The 2nd to 5th or 6th thoracic ganglia of the sympathetic trunk join the __________.

Posterior pulmonary/bronchial branches to form the right posterior pulmonary plexus

156

The 2nd, 3rd & 4th thoracic ganglia join to the ____________.

Posterior pulmonary/bronchial branches to form the left posterior pulmonary plexus

157

The anterior vagal trunk is formed mainly by ___________.

Anterior part of the esophageal plexus

158

Name the four branches from the vagus nerve in the thorax.

Cardiac (inferior)
Left recurrent laryngeal
Pulmonary
Esophageal

159

Name the nerve, which is distributed to the dura mater in the posterior cranial fossa.

Meningeal branch of the vagus

160

Name the principal motor nerve of the pharynx.

Pharyngeal nerve of the vagus

161

The cranial root of the accessory nerve is mainly carried by the _____of ______ and _____of ______ .

Pharyngeal nerve of the vagus
Recurrent laryngeal nerve of the vagus

162

The vagal fibers of the pharyngeal plexus innervate the muscles of the soft palates except _____.

Tensor veli palatini

163

The fiber from the pharyngeal nerve of the vagus joins the hypoglossal nerve, which is also known as _________.

Ramus lingularis vagi

164

The large celiac branch is mainly from the ____________.

Posterior Vagal trunk

165

In the abdomen, the posterior vagal trunk divides into a small ______ branch & a large _______ branch.

Gastric
Celiac

166

Name the four plexuses, which the celiac branch of the posterior vagal trunk supplies.

Splenic
Hepatic
Renal
Suprarenal
Superior mesenteric

167

Name the two nuclei of the accessory nerve.

Nucleus Ambiguus
Spinal nucleus of the accessory nerve

168

Name two nerves of the vagus which carry the cranial root fibers of the accessory nerve.

Pharyngeal nerve
Recurrent laryngeal nerve

169

Name the soft palate muscle, which is not innervated by the cranial root of the accessory nerve.

Tensor veli palatini (nerve to the medial pterygoid of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve)

170

Name the nucleus of origin for the spinal root of the accessory nerve.

Spinal nucleus of the accessory nerve

171

Name the nerves, which carry proprioceptive sense from the trapezius.

Ventral rami of C3 and C4

172

Wry Neck is also known as _____________.

Spasmodic torticollis

173

Wry neck is called _____ caused by central irritation of the accessory nerve.

Spasmodic torticollis

174

Name the type of neurons in the nucleus of the hypoglossal nerve.

Large multipolar neurons

175

The apparent origin of the hypoglossal nerve is between the ________ & _______.

Olive
Pyramid

176

The hypoglossal nerve exits the cranial cavity through the ______.

Hypoglossal canal of the occipital bone

177

Name the related muscle where the hypoglossal nerve becomes superficial.

Posterior belly of the digastric muscle

178

Name the intrinsic muscles of the tongue, which are innervated by the hypoglossal nerve.

All intrinsic muscles of the tongue except for the palatoglossus

179

Name the branch of the hypoglossal nerve which connects to the pharyngeal plexus on the occipital artery.

Ramus lingularis vagi

180

Near the anterior border of the hyoglossus, the hypoglossal nerve communicates to the _____ of _______.

Lingual nerve of mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve

181

The meningeal nerve of the hypoglossal nerve consists of the ______ & _______ nerve fibers.

Sensory
Sympathetic

182

The upper root of the ansa cervicalis is the branch of ________.

C1 ventral ramus, with fibers from the descending branch from the hypoglossal nerve

183

Name two muscles, which are innervated by the C1 component of the descending branch of the hypoglossal nerve.

Thyrohyoid muscle
Geniohyoid muscle

184

Name the nerve of the hypoglossal nerve, which derived from the upper cervical nerves for sensory & from the superior cervical sympathetic ganglion.

Meningeal branch/nerve

185

Name the branch of the hypoglossal nerve, which constitutes the upper root of the ansa cervicalis.

Descending branch

186

Name the muscles, which are innervated by the ansa cervicalis.

Superior belly of the omohyoid
Sternohyoid
Sternothyroid
Inferior belly of the omohyoid

187

Name the cervical nerves which form the ansa cervicalis.

C1, C2, C3 ventral rami

188

The unilateral lingual paralysis can cause ___________.

Hemiatrophy of the tongue