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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (209)
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0

Name the vertebral segment which carry the axons of neurons in the lateral grey columns.

T1-L2 or L3

1

Name the structure which carries the axon of neurons in the dorsal root ganglion.

Dorsal root to the substantia gelatinosa

2

Name the type of neurons in the dorsal root ganglion.

Unipolar neurons

3

Where do the ventral and dorsal roots perforate the dura mater?

Just lateral to the spinal (dorsal root) ganglion

4

Where do the dorsal root ganglia of the 1st and 2nd cervical nerves lie on?

The vertebral arch of C1 or C2 respectively

5

Where are the spinal ganglia of the sacral nerves located in?

In the vertebral foramen/canal

6

Where do the gray ramus communicans of the corresponding sympathetic ganglion join the spinal nerve part?

At or immediately distal to the origin of the ventral ramus

7

Name the vertebral segment where the ventral rami of the spinal cord contribute white rami communicans to each corresponding sympathetic ganglion.

T1-L2 or L3

8

The ventral rami of the thoracic and 1st and 2nd lumbar nerves contribute ______ to the corresponding sympathetic ganglia, and receive _____ from the ganglia.

White ramus communicans
Gray ramus communicans

9

Name the part of the corresponding spinal nerve, where the recurrent meningeal nerve emerges.

Mixed spinal nerve

10

Name the part of the corresponding spinal nerve where the gray ramus communicans mostly joins.

at or immediately distal to the origin of the ventral ramus

11

Name the segments of the spinal cord which contain the preganglionic efferent fibers of the sympathetic nerve.

T1-L2,L3

12

Name the vertebral segments where the pelvic splanchnic nerves emerge.

S2, S3, S4

13

The borders of an intervertebral foramen are:
Anterior -
Posterior -
Superior -
Inferior -

Anterior - Intervertebral disc, posterior longitudinal ligament, adjacent part of the vertebral bodies
Posterior - ligamentum flavum, zygapophyseal joint
Superior - inferior vertebral notch
Inferior - superior vertebral notch

14

Name the structures that are located within the intervertebral foramen.

Spinal nerve
Spinal artery
Venous plexus
Recurrent meningeal nerves

15

Name the type of neurons in the anterior gray column of the spinal cord.

Alpha, Beta, and Gamma (somatic efferent fibers)

16

The recurrent meningeal nerves of the corresponding spinal nerve receive one or more communications from neighboring white ramus communicans of the thoracic and upper lumbar sympathetic ganglion. True/false.

False - should be gray ramus communicans

17

Name all possible targets that are innervated by the recurrent meningeal nerve of the spinal nerve.

Dura mater
Wall of the blood vessels
Periosteum
Intervertebral Disc
Ligaments (Posterior longitudinal ligament, Ligamentum flavum, Membrana tectoria, Deep dorsal sacrococcygeal ligament, Transverse atlantal ligament, Vertical crus ligament)

18

The upper three cervical meningeal nerves are distributed to the cerebral dura mater of the _________ cranial fossa.

Posterior

19

Name two functional nerve fibers that pass through the ventral root at the T5 spinal cord.

Somatic efferent
Visceral efferent

20

The recurrent meningeal branches of the spinal nerves are present at all vertebral levels. True/False

True

21

Name two ligaments which the recurrent meningeal nerve of the spinal nerve supplies at the L1 spinal cord level.

Posterior longitudinal ligament
Ligamentum Flavum
Capsular ligament of the zygapophyseal joint

22

Name the nerves that are distributed to the cerebral dura mater of the posterior cranial fossa.

Hypoglossal
Vagus
Recurrent meningeal nerve of C1-C3

23

Name the vertebral segments that have visceral efferent fibers in the ventral roots.

T1-L2 or L3
S2-S4

24

The C1 dorsal ramus is smaller than the ventral ramus. True/False

False - they are larger in C1 and C2

25

Name the dorsal rami of the spinal nerves, which do not divide into medial and lateral branches.

C1, S4, S5, and Co1

26

Name the nerves, which are located between the semispinalis capitis and the semispinalis cervicis.

C3-C5 dorsal rami

27

The C2 dorsal ramus winds around the articular process. True/False

false

28

Name the nerve, which emerges between the vertebral artery and the posterior arch of the atlas.

The C1 dorsal ramus or suboccipital nerve

29

Name five muscles, which are innervated by the C1 dorsal ramus.

Rectus capitis posterior major
Rectus capitis posterior minor
Obliquus capitis superior
Obliquus capitis inferior