Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

Neuroanatomy 2 - PNS > Unit 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (189)
Loading flashcards...
150

Name the nerve, which supplies the aryepiglotic fold.

Lower branch of the internal laryngeal nerve of the superior laryngeal nerve of the vagus

151

Name the nerve, which innervates the cricothyroid muscle.

External laryngeal nerve of the superior laryngeal nerve of the vagus

152

Name the nerve, which winds the aortic arch just behind the ligamentum arteriosum.

Left recurrent laryngeal nerve of the vagus

153

Name the nerve, which innervates to all the laryngeal muscles except the cricothyroid muscle.

Left recurrent laryngeal of the vagus

154

Name the nerve, which supplies sensory fibers to the mucous membrane below the vocal folds of the larynx.

Left recurrent laryngeal nerve of the vagus

155

The 2nd to 5th or 6th thoracic ganglia of the sympathetic trunk join the __________.

Posterior pulmonary/bronchial branches to form the right posterior pulmonary plexus

156

The 2nd, 3rd & 4th thoracic ganglia join to the ____________.

Posterior pulmonary/bronchial branches to form the left posterior pulmonary plexus

157

The anterior vagal trunk is formed mainly by ___________.

Anterior part of the esophageal plexus

158

Name the four branches from the vagus nerve in the thorax.

Cardiac (inferior)
Left recurrent laryngeal
Pulmonary
Esophageal

159

Name the nerve, which is distributed to the dura mater in the posterior cranial fossa.

Meningeal branch of the vagus

160

Name the principal motor nerve of the pharynx.

Pharyngeal nerve of the vagus

161

The cranial root of the accessory nerve is mainly carried by the _____of ______ and _____of ______ .

Pharyngeal nerve of the vagus
Recurrent laryngeal nerve of the vagus

162

The vagal fibers of the pharyngeal plexus innervate the muscles of the soft palates except _____.

Tensor veli palatini

163

The fiber from the pharyngeal nerve of the vagus joins the hypoglossal nerve, which is also known as _________.

Ramus lingularis vagi

164

The large celiac branch is mainly from the ____________.

Posterior Vagal trunk

165

In the abdomen, the posterior vagal trunk divides into a small ______ branch & a large _______ branch.

Gastric
Celiac

166

Name the four plexuses, which the celiac branch of the posterior vagal trunk supplies.

Splenic
Hepatic
Renal
Suprarenal
Superior mesenteric

167

Name the two nuclei of the accessory nerve.

Nucleus Ambiguus
Spinal nucleus of the accessory nerve

168

Name two nerves of the vagus which carry the cranial root fibers of the accessory nerve.

Pharyngeal nerve
Recurrent laryngeal nerve

169

Name the soft palate muscle, which is not innervated by the cranial root of the accessory nerve.

Tensor veli palatini (nerve to the medial pterygoid of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve)

170

Name the nucleus of origin for the spinal root of the accessory nerve.

Spinal nucleus of the accessory nerve

171

Name the nerves, which carry proprioceptive sense from the trapezius.

Ventral rami of C3 and C4

172

Wry Neck is also known as _____________.

Spasmodic torticollis

173

Wry neck is called _____ caused by central irritation of the accessory nerve.

Spasmodic torticollis

174

Name the type of neurons in the nucleus of the hypoglossal nerve.

Large multipolar neurons

175

The apparent origin of the hypoglossal nerve is between the ________ & _______.

Olive
Pyramid

176

The hypoglossal nerve exits the cranial cavity through the ______.

Hypoglossal canal of the occipital bone

177

Name the related muscle where the hypoglossal nerve becomes superficial.

Posterior belly of the digastric muscle

178

Name the intrinsic muscles of the tongue, which are innervated by the hypoglossal nerve.

All intrinsic muscles of the tongue except for the palatoglossus

179

Name the branch of the hypoglossal nerve which connects to the pharyngeal plexus on the occipital artery.

Ramus lingularis vagi