Wildlife Tourism Flashcards Preview

Biodiversity and Conservation > Wildlife Tourism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wildlife Tourism Deck (60)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is tourism?

Resource based activity whereby one could interact with natural systems with a capacity to initiate far-reaching changes on the environment

2

How has tourism changed?

Tourism has changed from beach holidays to wildlife holidays

3

What happens to the environment as tourism increases?

The environment degrades

4

In a study by Liddle, 2007 what happened between 1960 and 1970 in an area of Wales that was used for recreation?

The numbers of recreational paths increased

5

Tourism was once a marginal aspect of national economic life. What is it now?

An important socio-economic asset

6

With such a growth in tourism what does it threaten?

Cultural and biological diversity

7

What is sustainable tourism?

Sustainable tourism is maintained in a way that it remains viable over an indefinite period and does not degrade or alter the environment

8

What does sustainable tourism facilitate?

Sustainable development

9

What has some tourism evolved into?

Wildlife tourism

10

What other type of wildlife tourism is there?

Ecotourism

11

What is ecotourism?

It is a segment of wildlife tourism

12

What is wildlife tourism?

Tourism based on encounters with non-domesticated animals, such as wildlife watching and captive wildlife

13

Why is wildlife tourism important?

It provides an economic income, with rapid growth in the last decade

14

Is wildlife tourism more important in some areas? And why?

It is more important in rural areas in Africa, and provides a higher source of income than agriculture

15

Give 3 examples of the impact wildlife tourism can have on wildlife

Disturbance
Disease
Pollution

16

Three more examples of the impact wildlife tourism can have on wildlife

Habitat loss/ fragmentation
Illegal hunting
Indirect contributions to conservation

17

What part do visitors play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?

They are stakeholders and their primary goal is wildlife tourism experience

18

What part does the tourism industry play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?

They are stakeholders and their primary goal is growth and profit

19

What part does government play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?

They are stakeholders and their primary goal is Sustainable growth

20

What part do host communities play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?

They are stakeholders and their primary goal is Profit and minimal impacts

21

What part do environmental managers play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?

They are stakeholders and their primary goal is ecological sustainability and conservation goals

22

What part NGO’s play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?

They are stakeholders and their primary goal is minimal threats and conservation goals

23

What impact does wildlife tourism have on the species? Give examples

Species change physiologically to tourism. For example, displaces them, alters their behaviour and changes reproduction

24

The Northern Royal Albatross is a species that is affected by wildlife tourism. How is it affected?

The blockage of wind doesn’t allow for the natural process of the cooling of their eggs and therefore the eggs become harder

25

How do people impact the chicks of the Northern Royal Albatross?

Chicks move away from people and adults only stay by the nest, therefore the mortality rate is high

26

What impact did wildlife tourism have on the Caribou?

The presence of people watching Caribou altered their foraging behaviour. The more observers, the less they forage

27

What impact did wildlife tourism have on Manatee?

It changes their distribution and behaviour

28

How did wildlife tourism impact on the Mantee’s behaviour?

It impacts their fitness
They didn’t lay on the bottom of the water when humans were watching
Nursing between parent and infant was altered
They didn’t swim slowly anymore

29

What impact has wildlife tourism had on the Nile crocodile?

Research has shown that visitors are present the nests of Nile crocodile are being destroyed at a higher rate by predators

30

In terms of wildlife watching, how does it impact species?

It clearly impacts the survival rates of species.