Flashcards in Wildlife Tourism Deck (60)
What is tourism?
Resource based activity whereby one could interact with natural systems with a capacity to initiate far-reaching changes on the environment
How has tourism changed?
Tourism has changed from beach holidays to wildlife holidays
What happens to the environment as tourism increases?
The environment degrades
In a study by Liddle, 2007 what happened between 1960 and 1970 in an area of Wales that was used for recreation?
The numbers of recreational paths increased
Tourism was once a marginal aspect of national economic life. What is it now?
An important socio-economic asset
With such a growth in tourism what does it threaten?
Cultural and biological diversity
What is sustainable tourism?
Sustainable tourism is maintained in a way that it remains viable over an indefinite period and does not degrade or alter the environment
What does sustainable tourism facilitate?
What has some tourism evolved into?
What other type of wildlife tourism is there?
What is ecotourism?
It is a segment of wildlife tourism
What is wildlife tourism?
Tourism based on encounters with non-domesticated animals, such as wildlife watching and captive wildlife
Why is wildlife tourism important?
It provides an economic income, with rapid growth in the last decade
Is wildlife tourism more important in some areas? And why?
It is more important in rural areas in Africa, and provides a higher source of income than agriculture
Give 3 examples of the impact wildlife tourism can have on wildlife
Three more examples of the impact wildlife tourism can have on wildlife
Habitat loss/ fragmentation
Indirect contributions to conservation
What part do visitors play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?
They are stakeholders and their primary goal is wildlife tourism experience
What part does the tourism industry play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?
They are stakeholders and their primary goal is growth and profit
What part does government play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?
They are stakeholders and their primary goal is Sustainable growth
What part do host communities play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?
They are stakeholders and their primary goal is Profit and minimal impacts
What part do environmental managers play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?
They are stakeholders and their primary goal is ecological sustainability and conservation goals
What part NGO’s play in wildlife tourism? And what is their goal?
They are stakeholders and their primary goal is minimal threats and conservation goals
What impact does wildlife tourism have on the species? Give examples
Species change physiologically to tourism. For example, displaces them, alters their behaviour and changes reproduction
The Northern Royal Albatross is a species that is affected by wildlife tourism. How is it affected?
The blockage of wind doesn’t allow for the natural process of the cooling of their eggs and therefore the eggs become harder
How do people impact the chicks of the Northern Royal Albatross?
Chicks move away from people and adults only stay by the nest, therefore the mortality rate is high
What impact did wildlife tourism have on the Caribou?
The presence of people watching Caribou altered their foraging behaviour. The more observers, the less they forage
What impact did wildlife tourism have on Manatee?
It changes their distribution and behaviour
How did wildlife tourism impact on the Mantee’s behaviour?
It impacts their fitness
They didn’t lay on the bottom of the water when humans were watching
Nursing between parent and infant was altered
They didn’t swim slowly anymore
What impact has wildlife tourism had on the Nile crocodile?
Research has shown that visitors are present the nests of Nile crocodile are being destroyed at a higher rate by predators