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Biodiversity and Conservation > Wildlife Trade > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wildlife Trade Deck (48)
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Why is wildlife trade so bad?

Illegal wildlife trade is one of the biggest threats to the survival of some of the worlds rarest species. In fact, illegal wildlife trade is second only to habitat destruction as a cause of species loss and potential extinction.


What is the current situation in the EU regarding wildlife trade?

Millions of live animals and plants are imported into the EU each year. This is in addition to significant amounts of animal products


Is all wildlife trade illegal?

No, much of it is legitimate and some species are subject to strict legal measures


What additional pressure is put on wildlife because of trade?

Over exploitation, pollution, deforestation


How is wildlife traded?

Wildlife is often traded in Asia in open markets!


Why is wildlife sold?

Souvenirs, food, pets, medicine


What levels of legislation is there for wildlife trade?

There are international agreements

European directives

National law


Give an example of a key international agreement

CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna


What is the purpose of CITES? and when did it come into force?

Came into force in 1975. It aims to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.


Give an example of a European Directive related to Wildlife trade

EC Wildlife trade regulation


What is the purpose of the EC Wildlife Trade Regulation

Enforces legislation CITES outlines within the European Union.


What does CAWT stand for? and where is it in force?

Coalition Against Wildlife Trafficking (NATIONAL)


What does NWCU stand for?

National Wildlife Crime Unit


What is the WCA (1981)

Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981


What is the purpose of CAWT?

raises the political profile of illegal wildlife trade


What is the purpose of NWCU?

assist in the prevention and detection of wildlife trade crimes and collaborates with international partners on the promotion of improved enforcement on trade


What is the purpose of the Wildlife and Countryside Act of 1981?

Protection of UK flora and fauna


How are species covered in CITES?

Species are split into three appendices depending on the level of protection they require


Describe appendix 1

Species in this appendix include species that are threatened with extinction. Therefore trade in these species is only permitted in exceptional circumstances


Describe appendix 2

Species in this appendix include species that are not necessarily threatened with extinction, but in which trade should be controlled as it may threaten their survival


Describe appendix 3

Species in this appendix consist of species that are protected in at least one country.


How many species are there covered within appendix 1 (both plant and animal)

892 species


How many species are there covered within appendix 2 (both plant and animal)

33,033 species


How many species are there covered within appendix 3 (both plant and animal)

161 species


What is the internal structure of CITES?

Standing committee
Conference of the Parties (CoP)
CITES Secretariat
Animal and Plant committees


What is the Conference of the Parties?

Collaboration of member states that meet every 2-3 years to review the progress of the conservation of species and considered amendments to appendixes


What is the role of the CITES secretariat?

Arranges the meeting of the CoP and distributes information


What is the role of the standing committee?

Provides policy guidance to the secretariat. Manages budget. Carries out work by the CoP


What is the role of the animal and plant committees?

They provide scientific evidence, periodically review species and recommend action for unsustainable trade


What does the WCMC stand for?

World Conservation Monitoring Centre