2.2 Lymphatic Drainage of the Head and Neck Flashcards Preview

Semester 4- Head and Neck > 2.2 Lymphatic Drainage of the Head and Neck > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.2 Lymphatic Drainage of the Head and Neck Deck (17):
1

Name 3 areas of the head that do not have lymphatic drainage

Cornea
Lens
Inner ear

2

What does a lymphatic vessel carry?

Lymph fluid (excess tissue fluid) from the tissues back to the circulation

3

How much lymph fluid is produced per day?

3-4 Litres

4

Where does lymph rejoin the circulation?

Subclavian veins

5

How does fluid move along lymphatic vessels?

Using valves which constrict passively and intrinsically

6

What is lymphoedema?

Fluid retention and tissue swelling due to a problem with the lymphatic system

7

What can cause lymphoedema?

Removal of lymph nodes
Infections
Congenital
Damage to lymphatics- cancer treatment

8

What is a lymph node?

Connective tissue structure with a tough, fibrous, outer capsule. They contain high numbers of lymphocytes and macrophages

9

If a lymph node is tender, firm and mobile, what is the likely pathology?

Infection

10

If a lymph node is hard, matted and non-tender, what is the likely pathology?

Malignancy

11

Where are regional lymph nodes found?

Superficially

12

Where are terminal lymph nodes found?

Deep in the body

13

What separates the superficial and deep lymph nodes in the neck?

Investing layer of deep cervical fascia

14

Where do most lymph nodes in the neck lie?

Carotid sheath

15

Where does Virchow's node drain?

Thorax and abdomen

16

What can be implied if Virchow's node is inflamed?

Gastric cancer

17

Where does the right supraclavicular node drain?

Mid-section chest, oesophagus and lungs