9.1 The Oral Cavity and Tongue Flashcards Preview

Semester 4- Head and Neck > 9.1 The Oral Cavity and Tongue > Flashcards

Flashcards in 9.1 The Oral Cavity and Tongue Deck (32):
1

Where is the oral vestibule?

Between lips and teeth

2

Where does the parotid gland open into the oral cavity?

Opposite 2nd molar tooth

3

What kind of mucous membrane lines the inner cheek?

Buccal mucosa

4

What kind of mucous membrane lines the lower gum?

Inferior buccal gingiva

5

What kind of mucous membrane lines the upper gum?

Superior buccal gingiva

6

What kind of mucous membrane lines the inner lip?

Labial mucosa

7

What attaches the lips to the gums?

Labial frenulum

8

What attaches the tongue to the inferior oral cavity?

Lingual frenulum

9

What is the hard palate?

Superior border of oral cavity
Bony plate separating nasal cavity from oral cavity

10

What epithelium is found in the oral cavity?

Stratified squamous

11

What bones make up the hard palate?

Maxilla
Palatine
Pterygoid
Vomer

12

What is the soft palate?

Posterior border of the oral cavity
Muscular structure of soft tissue

13

Name the muscles that make up the soft palate of the oral cavity

Levator veli palatini
Tensor veli palatini
Palato pharyngeus
Palato glossus
Uvulae

14

Which muscles of the oral cavity are innervated by the vagus nerve?

Tensor veli palatini
Palato pharyngeus
Palato glossus

15

If there is damage to the nerves of the left side of the soft palate, which way will the tongue deviate?

Right- moves away

16

Give 2 examples of when the airway can be lost

Anaphylactic shock
Foreign body blockage
Mouth abscesses

17

Where do the submandibuar and sublingual glands open up into the oral cavity?

Floor of mouth, lateral to lingual frenulum

18

Name the 4 areas of lymphoid tissue in/around the oral cavity

Palatine tonsil
Lingual tonsil
Adenoids
Tubal tonsil

19

Why is it important to have lymphoid tissue in the oral cavity?

Entry site for pathogens via air, food or water

20

List the 3 parts of the tongue

Apex
Body
Root

21

Which nerve innervates the motor function of the tongue?

Hypoglossal

22

Which nerve innervates the sensory function of the tongue?

Glossopharyngeal

23

Which nerves innervate the special sensory function of the tongue?

Chorda tympani
Lingual nerve

24

Name the intrinsic muscles of the tongue

Superior longitundinal
Vertical
Transverse
Inferior longitudinal

25

Name the extrinsic muscles of the tongue

Styloglossus
Hypoglossus
Genioglossus

26

Name the teeth

Central incisor
Lateral incisor
Canine
1st premolar
2nd premolar
1st molar
2nd molar
3rd molar (wisdom tooth)

27

What is a cleft palate?

Deformity in the formation of the hard palate

28

What is a cleft lip?

Deformity in the nasolabial septum

29

What is gingivitis?

Inflammation of the gingiva

30

What is tonsillitis?

Inflammation of the tonsils

31

What is a peritonsillar abscess?

Result of deep infection of the tonsils which causes deviation of the uvula. Absesses can burst and pus drains into throat. Also called Quinsy

32

What is a mucocoele?

Ulcer of the lip