ARTHOLOGY OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Exam 3 > ARTHOLOGY OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN > Flashcards

Flashcards in ARTHOLOGY OF THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN Deck (29):
1

The ligamentous sacro-iliac joints (or most of the ligamentous joints of the vertebral column) are examples of which joint classification?

syndesmosis

2

Which classification of cartilage joint is the first to appear developmentally?

(amphiarthrosis) synchondrosis

3

Which cartilage joint has limited motion, lies in the median plane and occurs between bones formed by endochondral ossification?

(amphiarthrosis) symphysis

4

What is the generic function of ligaments?

stimulate reflex contraction of muscles around the joint

5

What are the characteristics of type II articular receptors?

located in deeper strata of the fibrous capsule, resemble Pacinian corpuscles, most numerous in the cervical spine and monitor the joint during normal range of motion

6

What are the characteristics of type III articular receptors?

present in collateral and intrinsic ligaments, resemble Golgi tendon organs, not initially observed along the vertebral column and monitor extreme joint motion

7

What is the function of type IV articular receptors?

nociceptive, they monitor pain

8

Type IVa articular receptors would be present in what locations?

fibrous capsule, articular fat pads or adventitia of blood vessels

9

Type IVb articular receptors would be present in what locations?

accessory ligaments in general, dense in the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine

10

What are the three modifications of articular synovial membrane?

1. synovial villi
2. articular fat pads or Haversian glands
3. synovial menisci and intra-articular discs

11

What is the apparent function of synovial villi?

increase the surface of synovial membrane available for secretion - absorption phenomena

12

Articular fat pads are most numerous in what location along the vertebral column?

lumbar zygapophyses

13

What are the specific functions of type A synovial cells?

are phagocytic

14

What is the specific function of type B synovial cells?

secrete proteinaceous substances and hyaluronic acid

15

Which collagen fiber type predominates in articular cartilage?

type II

16

What is the primary function of bound glycosaminoglycans in articular cartilage?

form a network for water retention

17

What is implied when cartilage is said to have elastic properties?

cartilage can deform and returns to original volume rapidly, a time independent property

18

What is implied when cartilage is said to have viscoelastic properties?

cartilage can deform but returns to original volume slowly, a time dependent property

19

What are the properties of synovial fluid?

it is yellow-white, viscous, slightly alkaline and tastes salty

20

What is a complex synovial joint (diarthrosis)?

within the simple joint or the compound joint, the articulating surfaces are separated by an articular disc (intra-articular disc) or meniscus

21

What morphological classification of synovial joints is classified as nonaxial?

plane (diarthrosis arthrodial)

22

What morphological classifications of synovial joints would be classified as uniaxial?

hinge (diarthrosis ginglymus) and pivot (diarthrosis trochoid)

23

What morphological classifications of synovial joints would be classified as biaxial?

(diarthrosis) bicondylar, (diarthrosis) condylar, (diarthrosis) ellipsoidal and saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

24

What morphological classification of synovial joints would be classified as multiaxial?

ball and socked (diarthrosis enarthrosis), (diarthrosis spheroidal), (diarthrosis cotyloid) are all classifications given to the same joint

25

Diarthrosis ginglymus joints are commonly called ____ joints based on action

synovial hinge

26

Diarthrosis trochoid joints are commonly called ___ joints based on action

synovial pivot

27

What are the common ligaments of the vertebral column?

those ligaments commonly found between vertebral couples from C2/C3 to L4/L5

28

What is the maximum number of common ligaments identified with a vertebral couple?

eight

29

what is the reason that nine common ligaments are identified but only eight will be attached at any specific vertebral couple?

the ligamentum nuchae and supraspinous ligaments attach to the spinous tubercles, but only one of these will be identified at a single vertebral couple