OSTEOLOGY OF THE ANTERIOR THORAX - ribs Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Exam 3 > OSTEOLOGY OF THE ANTERIOR THORAX - ribs > Flashcards

Flashcards in OSTEOLOGY OF THE ANTERIOR THORAX - ribs Deck (21):
1

What are the primary parts of the vertebral end of a typical rib?

the head, neck and tubercle

2

What attaches to the crest of the neck of the rib?

the superior costotransverse ligament

3

What attaches to the non-articular surface of the tubercle of a rib?

the lateral costotransverse ligament

4

What features may be identified on the body (corpus or shaft) of a typical rib?

the costal angle and costal groove

5

What attaches to the costal angle of a rib?

the iliocostalis muscle and thoracolumbar aponeurosis/fascia

6

What attaches to the scalene tubercle of the first rib?

the anterior scalene muscle

7

Which groove on the body of the first rib is close to the vertebral end?

the groove for the subclavian artery and the first thoracic nerve

8

Which groove on the body of the first rib is close to the sternal end?

the groove for the subclavian vein

9

Is either the costal angle or costal groove apparent on the first rib?

neither the costal angle nor the costal groove are apparent on the first rib

10

What does the interarticular ligament of the head of the second rib joint with?

the interarticular crest on the head of the second rib and the intervertebral disc between T1 and T2

11

What specifically will attach to the crest of the neck of the second rib?

the superior costotransverse ligament from the transverse process of T1

12

What specifically attaches to the back of the neck of the second rib?

the inferior costotransverse ligament from the trasnverse process of T2

13

What specifically attaches to the non-articular surface of the tubercle of the second rib?

the lateral costotransverse ligament from the transverse tubercle of the T2

14

What unique feature is present on the body of the second rib?

the tuberosity for the serratus anterior

15

What features are identified on the body of rib 10?

the costal angle and the costal groove

16

What features may be present on the body of the eleventh rib?

the costal angle and costal groove are under-developed

17

What is the condition of the body of rib 12?

the costal angle and costal groove are absent and it is the shortest of all ribs

18

What are the classifications of ribs 3-7 in the typical adult skeleton?

typical ribs, true ribs, costa verae, and vertebrosternal ribs

19

What are the classifications of ribs 1 and 2 in the typical adult skeleton?

atypical ribs, true ribs, costa verae, and vertebrosternal ribs

20

What are the classifications of ribs 8 and 9 in the typical adult skeleton?

typical ribs, false ribs, costa spuriae, and vertebrochondral rib

21

What are the classifications of ribs 11 or 12 in the typical adult skeleton?

atypical ribs, false ribs, costa spuriae, and vertebral ribs